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Akane

Last Updated:2021/3/17 14:46:24 By:wangzhonglang
28

Id:ICR-24001

CountryJapan

Year Published/Registered1953

Cultivar Type:For Tea

Scientific Name:Camellia sinensis var. assamica 'Akane'

Chinese Name:赤根

Japanese Name:赤根 あかね

Meaning

Synonym

鹿アッサム交配132号 旧系統名:鹿アッサム交配132号

茶農林15号 農林認定品種(茶農林15号)

Description

» English Description

Akane. (C. sinensis var. assamica). Registered in 1953. Cross combination: Ai2 x Nka03. Use for Black tea. Kagoshima Pref.

[Agriculture registration] Tea Norin 15

[Product registration] None

[Characteristics] An excellent variety of black tea with a bright red color and a strong astringency, but a good aftertaste.

[Developer] Kagoshima Prefectural Tea Experiment Station (Kagoshima Prefectural Agricultural Development Center Tea Industry Department)

[History] In 1935, at the Kagoshima Agricultural Experiment Station, mating was performed with the introduced species Ai21 from India as the mother and the native species Nka03 from Kagoshima as the father, and selected from the seedling groups in 1939. From 1942 to 1952, it was tested in an excellent black tree determination test for black tea, and was recognized as excellent and was named Deer Atssum Mating No. 132. In 1953, it was registered as Tea Norin 15 and was named'Akane'.

[Early] Mesozoic species. The germination period is about 2 days earlier than'Yabukita' and the plucking period is 1-2 days earlier.

[Morphological characteristics] The tree shape is intermediate, the tree vigor is strong, and the planting is good with the tea buds at the time of plucking. The number of buds is slightly high, and the one hundred bud weight is a dog bud heavy type breed. Medium cold resistance.

[Cutting rooting] Inferior to'Yabukita*' and slow growth.

[Good or bad initial growth] Since early growth is slow, carefully control the young tree stage. Good growth after the garden.

[How to tailor young trees] According to'Yabukita'.

[Yield] Somewhat high. It's almost the same as'Yabukita', but more than'Benikara'.

[Quality] The quality of black tea is good. The light blue color is bright and strong and good. The scent has a strong Chinese aroma. Good taste, good fermentability 0

[Cold resistance] Cold resistance in winter is moderate to slightly weak. Medium for laceration type freezing.

[Insect resistance] Strong against anthrax and ring spot disease. Slightly strong against stag beetles.

[Cultivation area] Kyushu, a warm area in Shikoku.

[Processing characteristics] Light blue.  The golden ring force appears along the inner edge of the bowl.

» Japanese Description

Akane   赤根     あかね    旧系統名:鹿アッサム交配132号。公表日:1953。 紅茶用1953年登録農林認定品種(茶農林15号)交配組み:Ai2×NkaO3。鹿児島県。

【農林登録】茶農林15

【品種登録】なし

【特徴】水色が鮮紅色でやや渋味が強いが後味の良い紅茶の優良品種。

【育成者】鹿児島県茶業試験場(鹿児島県農業開発総合センター茶業部)

【来歴】1935年に鹿児島県農事試験場においてインドからの導入種Ai21を母,鹿児島県の在来種Nka03を父とした交配が行なわれ,その実生群中から1939年に選抜された。19421952年まで紅茶優良原樹決定試験に供試され,優秀性が認められて鹿アツサム交配132号と名付けられた。1953年に茶農林15号に登録され,あかねと命名された。

【早晩性】中生種。萌芽期はやぶきたより2日程度早く,摘採期は12日早い。

【形態的特性】樹姿は中間型で,樹勢は強,株張りは大〇摘採期の茶芽の揃いは良い。芽数はやや多,百芽重は犬の芽重型品種。耐寒性は中。

【挿し木発根性】やぶきた*に比べて劣り,生育も遅い。

【初期生育の良否】初期生育は遅いので幼木期の管理をていねいに行なう。成園後の生育は良好。

【幼木の仕立て法】やぶきたに準ずる。

【収量性】やや多。やぶきたとほぼ同等でべにほまれより多い。

【品質】紅茶品質は良。水色は鮮紅色で力があり良好。香気は中国系の高い淸香がある。滋味はやや強い,発酵性は良0

【耐寒性】冬期の耐寒性は中やや弱。裂傷型凍宙には中。

【耐病虫性】炭疽病に強,輪斑病に強である。クワシロガイガラムシにやや強。

【栽培通地】九州.四国の暖地。

【加工特性】水色は鮮紅色で茶碗の内縁に沿って、ゴールデンリング力現われる。


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