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Baozhu Cha

Last Updated:2019/11/2 14:38:54 By:wangzhonglang
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Id:ICR-1086

CountryChina

Year Published/Registered1621

Cultivar Type

Scientific Name:Camellia reticulata 'Baozhu Cha'

Chinese Name:宝珠茶

Japanese Name

Meaning:Noble Pearl

Synonym

Hōju-cha Shimada & Ono, 1759, Kai, vol.6. Yashiro, 1841, Kokon Yōrankō, vol.306. The Japanese reading for the Chinese C.reticulata Baozhu Cha.Different reading ‘Hōshu-cha’.

Hōshu-cha Different reading for ‘Hōju-cha’. Synonym for the Chinese Baozhu Cha.

Jewellery Lammerts, 1950, American Camellia Yearbook, p.10. Synonym for Baozhu Cha.

Jewelry Butterfield, 1952, American Camellia Yearbook. Orthographic variant for 'Jewellery', syn­onym for Baozhu Cha.

Noble Pearl Peer, SCCS., Bulletin, 1949, 11(2):11. Western synonym for Baozhu Cha.

Pao-chu Ch'a Yü & Bartholomew, 1980. American Camellia Yearbook, p.27.Different reading for Baozhu Cha.

11 show +

Description

» English Description

Wang, Xianjin, 1621, Qunfang pu, (Thesaurus of Botany); Yü, T.T., 1950, RHS, Camellias and Magnolias Conference Report as ‘Paochucha’; Feng et al., 1986, Yunnan Camel­lias of China, p.93, colour plate and description: Leaves large, thick, broad-ovate to oblong­ovate, apices short-acute or acuminate, bases rounded or broad-cuneate, veins deeply sunken, 7-11 cm long by 4.5-6.5 cm wide. Flowers bright purplish red (RHS,CC,53B), 12-14 cm across. Petals about 30 in 4-5 whorls, outer 2 whorls flat, inner whorls folded or basally connate, form­ing a spherical corolla. Stamens numerous, divided into 4-6 groups by curved petals. Pistils rudimentary. This cultivar is similar to Dataohong but differs in thicker leaves, larger petals, and more raised flower centre. The variety originated in Kunming, Yunnan, China and flowers mid-season. There is a tree at Shidong Temple, Fengqing County with an estimated age of 150 years or over. Western Synonym: ‘Noble Pearl’. It received an RHS “Award of Merit” in 1963 under the name ‘Paochucha’. Different reading: ‘Pao-chu-ch´a’. Sport: ‘Noble Pearl Varie­gated’.

» Chinese Description

管开云、李纪元、王仲朗主编,2014. 《中国茶花图鉴》, p.235.

原产地中国云南省昆明

性状描述花红色,牡丹型,大到巨型花,花径12~14 cm,花瓣约30枚,宽圆形,4~5轮排列,外二轮花瓣平伸,内轮曲折卷旋,形成圆球形花冠,雄蕊多,分4~6束夹生于曲折卷旋的花瓣中,雌蕊退化,不结实,花量稠密。叶片绿色,宽卵圆形至长椭圆状卵圆形,长7~11cm,宽4.4~6.5cm,先端短急尖或渐尖,基部钝圆或宽楔形,叶片宽大,脉纹明显;植株开展。花期:2月上旬至3月下旬。

识别点本品种与‘大桃红’较相近,但花心凸出,形成圆球形花冠,叶片肥大,脉纹明显。

朱國棟、蔡燦玉,2011. 《台灣茶花族譜》,p.21

Baozhu Cha  宝珠茶(Noble Pearl)       C.reticulata       Baozhu Cha 宝珠茶(Noble Pearl) (C.reticulata)云南茶。1621,中国,云南昆明。松牡丹牡丹、亮浓红色、大巨大(1214cm)、花瓣约2730枚、45重轮列,割蕊状、4~5束、雌蕊退化、扁平、无法结果;花期23月。此品种很像大桃红、只是大桃红的叶子较厚、花瓣多、花蕊比较突出。同种异名:JewelleryNoble Pearl (宝珠茶)、Precious Pearl CamelliaRed Jewellery 。突变种:Noble Pearl Variegated

宝珠茶一新竹市茶花产销班目录,2002-2006, p.72, No.90.

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