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Home Cultivars Camellia chekiangoleosa Hu

Camellia chekiangoleosa Hu

Last Updated:2021/3/18 22:21:15 By:wangzhonglang
177

Id:ICR-22109

CountryChina

Year Published/Registered2008

Cultivar Type:For Oil

Scientific Name:Camellia oleifera 'Camellia chekiangoleosa Hu '

Chinese Name:浙江红花油茶

Japanese Name

Meaning

Description

» English Description

Oil Tea Camellia Superior Germplasm Resources, 2008, editor in chief by Chen Yonzhong, p.166. Synonym:‘Zhejiang Hongshancha’. Evergreen trees. leaves elliptic, glabrous, margin serrate. Flowers brilliant red, flowering in mid-February to late March, petals 5-7, imbricated, diameter 6-9 cm. Fruit mature in mid- September, spherical.

» Chinese Description

浙江红花油茶【别名】浙江红山茶,陈永忠主编,2008年,《油茶优良种质资源》第 166 页。又名浙江红山茶。常绿小乔木,树皮灰白色、平滑;叶长椭圆形,两面光滑无毛,边缘疏生短锯齿;花芽单生枝顶,花艳红色,2月中旬至3月下旬开放,花径69㎝,苞片5枚,有丝状短毛,覆瓦状排列,花瓣57枚,顶端二浅裂,雄蕊多数成二轮,花药与花丝呈丁字形,二室纵裂,子房三室无毛;蒴果皮木质,直径46㎝,果实基部有萼片宿存,果柄极短,果皮厚0.40.8㎝,每果有710粒种子,9月中旬果熟,多为红色,球形或桃形,一般果重26160g。浙江红花油茶的面积和产量居第四位。主要分布在浙江西南部;福建的东北;江西东部和西部;湖南东部和南部;湖北和安徽等地呈间断性分布。一般喜生长在海拔6001200m的温暖湿润地区。本种由于年生育期较短,花期较长,花色美丽,是较好的庭园绿化树种和育种的好材料,宜在高海拔地区推广。从各地引种情况看出,一般能正常生长。在低山丘陵通常生长不良,软腐病严重,造成后期大量落果。

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