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Camellia phellocapsa Changet Lee

Last Updated:2021/3/19 12:51:34 By:wangzhonglang
20

Id:ICR-22108

CountryChina

Year Published/Registered2008

Cultivar Type:For Oil

Scientific Name:Camellia oleifera 'Camellia phellocapsa Changet Lee '

Chinese Name:栓壳红山茶

Japanese Name

Meaning

Description

» English Description

Oil Tea Camellia Superior Germplasm Resources, 2008, editor in chief by Chen Yonzhong, p.165. Synonym:‘Chalinghonghua Youcha’, ‘Yechazi’. Evergreen trees. Leaves elliptic, 9-19 cm long, margin serrate. Flowers brilliant red, flowering in spring, tubular shape, diameter 4.5-6.7 cm, buds 9, petals 6-7. Fruit mature in late October, spherical or ovate, average diameter 4.0-6.5 cm, glabrous. Average 38%-46%seed weighted in each fresh fruit, 48%-60% kernel weighted in each dry fruit. The average rate of oil reached 54%-64.7% from kernel, and 27.0%-31.5% from seeds.

» Chinese Description

栓壳红山茶【别名】茶陵红花油茶、野茶子,陈永忠主编,2008年,《油茶优良种质资源》第 165 页。又名茶陵红花油茶、野茶子。常绿小乔木。叶互生,长椭圆形或椭圆形,长919㎝,上半部有锯齿,花鲜红色,春天开放,喇叭状,直径4.56.7㎝,无柄,萼片9枚、宿存,花瓣67枚,柱头3裂,蒴果球形或倒卵形,中等大小,平均果径4.06.5㎝,果皮光滑,果皮厚0.81.3㎝。鲜出籽率38%46%,出仁率48%60%,种仁含油率54%64.7%,全籽含油率27.0%31.5%。本种主要分布在湖南茶陵、安仁、攸县等县。目前处于野生状态,零星分布在海拔300700m的陡坡,与杉、松及灌木混生。栓壳红山茶含油率高,可以开发利用。已引种至广西、浙江等地,且已开花结果。

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