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Camellia polyodonta Howex Hu

Last Updated:2021/3/19 12:51:41 By:wangzhonglang
206

Id:ICR-22110

CountryChina

Year Published/Registered2008

Cultivar Type:For Oil

Scientific Name:Camellia oleifera 'Camellia polyodonta Howex Hu '

Chinese Name:多齿红山茶

Japanese Name

Meaning

Description

» English Description

Oil Tea Camellia Superior Germplasm Resources, 2008, editor in chief by Chen Yonzhong, p.168. Synonym:‘Wantian Honghuayoucha’, ‘Wantian Youchazi’. Evergreen trees. leaves elliptic, margins serrate or crenate, with prominent veining. Buds beige and fimbriated, flowers red, cup shape, flowering in February to April, petals 5-7, stamens dispersed into 2-4 united around. Fruit spherical or obovate, brown, diameter 5-10 cm, average 12%-20% seed weighted in each fresh fruit.

» Chinese Description

多齿红山茶【别名】宛田红花油茶、宛田油茶籽,陈永忠主编,2008年,《油茶优良种质资源》第 168 页。又名宛田红花油茶、宛田油茶籽。小乔木,小枝粗短,叶前端突尖呈短尾状,叶缘锯齿密而均匀分布,齿尖骨质黑色,两面中脉明显。花芽苞片多披有灰褐色绒毛,花深红色,24月开放,呈杯状,无柄。萼片多呈35裂,外裂扇形,内裂近倒心脏形,萼片中外裂部分宿存,内裂随花谢脱落。花瓣57枚,瓣基彼此相连,雄蕊多数分为24裂,内裂离生,外裂部分连生,花药椭圆形直裂,柱头黑褐色,子房3室。蒴果球形或梨形,褐色,果径510㎝,果皮厚12㎝,果重30120g。鲜出籽率12%20%。每果有种子916粒。多齿红山茶在广西临桂县宛田区分布较集中,平均产油量225255/hm2,有一定生产潜力。湖南、江西、浙江、安徽和湖北等县引种后,能开花结果,但产量很低,是作为庭园绿化的好树种。

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