International Camellia Register
Home Cultivars Coquettii


Last Updated:2021/3/3 8:26:14 By:wangzhonglang

Type Image Chosen by Yves CHAPEL



Year Published/Registered1839

Cultivar Type:For Ornamental

Scientific Name:Camellia japonica 'Coquettii'

Chinese Name:美国大红

Japanese Name



Alabama Glen 40 Hazlewood & Jessep, 1972, Checklist - Camellia Cultivars from Nursery Catalogues, p.4. Synonym for ‘Glen 40’, itself a synonym for Coquettii.

Cocquetti Isola Madre Catalogue, 1845. Orthographic error for Coquettii.

Cocquettii Rousseau, Angers, 1842-1843, Catalogue. Orthographic variant to Coquettii.

Conquete Forrest, 1985, Trees and Shrubs Cultivated in Ireland. Orthographic error for Coquettii.

Coquetii Jacob Makoy et Cie Catalogue, 1841, p.10. Orthographic error for Coquettii.

Coquette Buist, 1852, The American Flower Garden Directory, 5th ed. p.210.. Orthographic error for Coquettii.

19 show +


» English Description

Tourres, Macheteaux, Catalogue, 1839, p.21. No description. Anonymous, Sept.1839, Revue Horticole, p.389: A seedling raised by M. Tourres, Macheteau, France; described by Berlèse in his Monographie, ed.2, 1840 and illustrated and described in his Iconogra­phie, 1843, pl.213. Verschaffelt also described and illustrated this variety in his 1848, Nouvelle Iconographie, Book V, pl.IV. It is a formal double with numerous, broadly obovate petals, 5.5 cm long by 4.5 cm wide, becoming smaller towards the centre, rounded at apex, bases tapered, imbricated. Under some climatic condition the flower varies to incomplete double, exposing rare stamens when fully open, 10-11 cm across, colour Turkey Red 721 /1, tending to deeper in the centre. Leaves, dark, glossy green, narrowly ovate to elliptic, 8 cm long x 4-5 cm wide, apex acuminate, decurved, margins serrulate. Received an “Award of Merit” from the RHS in 1956. Orthographic errors: ‘Coquette’, ‘Coquetti’, ‘Coquetii’, ‘Cocquettii’, ‘Cocquete’, ‘Cocquetti’. Synonyms: ‘Glen 40’, ‘Glen No.40’, ‘Coquettii Vera’, ‘Alabama Glen 40’, ‘Alabama’, ‘Incompa­rabilis Vera’. Chinese synonym: ‘Meiguo Dahong’. Sports: Coquettina, ‘Glen 40 Variegated’.

» Chinese Description

美国大红 Conuettii 高继银、苏玉华、胡羡聪,2007. 《国内外茶花名种识别与欣赏》,第66页。法国的M.Tourres先生培育,引入美国后被称之为‘Glen40’,我国曾一度称为‘大峡谷’。花极鲜艳的红色,玫瑰重瓣型至完全重瓣型,中到大型花,花瓣50枚以上,倒卵形,先端圆整,覆瓦状排列,花朵中部花瓣半直立,呈突起的杯状,偶尔花心有少量雄蕊,花朵稠密。叶片浓绿色,窄卵圆形至椭圆形,硬、厚、平伸、光亮,嫩枝叶深红色,植株紧凑,生长旺盛。花期中至晚。

朱國棟、蔡燦玉,2011. 《台灣茶花族譜》,p.62.Coquettii     法国红  C. japonica)  红山茶。1839,法国 MacheteauM. Tourres。此品种约于1942年传入美国。完全〜玫瑰形、土耳其红、中〜大轮(912x36cm)、花期122月,树性直立、浓密、生长缓慢。同种异名:Alabama Glen 40Coquettii VeraGlenGlen 40 (格联 40、格兰 40)、Glen No.40。突变种:Coquettina (千面女郎)。Coquettii (法国红)一朱国栋,2007,风城茶花图集,p.69. Coquettii (美国大红)一高继银,1998,世界名贵茶花,p.27, No.5.