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Benikarako

Last Updated:2021/11/12 8:11:32 By:Sueo Takano
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Id:ICR-1388

CountryJapan

Year Published/Registered1879

Cultivar Type:For Ornamental

Scientific Name:Camellia japonica 'Benikarako'

Chinese Name:红唐子

Japanese Name:紅唐子 べにからこ

Meaning

Synonym

Aka-bokuhan Nihon Shokubutsu Kaisha Catalogue, 1912-1913, p.27: Synonym for Benikarako.

Benibokuhan Chūbu Tsubaki Kyōkai, 1960, Tsubaki Meikan.Different reading: ‘Akabokuhan’; synonym for Benikarako.

Benibokuhan (Chūbu) Seibundō Shinkōsha, 1979, Senchinshū, p.245. Synonym for Benikarako as ‘Jikkō’.

Benikarashi Duke of Devonshire, 1969, RHS, The Rhodendron and Camellia Yearbook, No,23, p.2 as “as imported from Japan.” This would seem to be a corruption for Benikarako.

Beni-koraka Lindo Nursery Catalogue, 1948, p.6. Corruption of the Japanese name Benikarako.

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Description

» English Description

Itō, Ko’emon, 1879, Chinkashū: Vermilion red, medium to small size, anemone form. See colour photo, p.194, Adachi, 1960, Camellia. Its Appreciation and Artistic Arrangement; Tuyama 1966, Camellia Cultivars of Japan, pl.38, p.72 as ‘Jikkō’; Encyclopedia of Camellias in Colour, vol.I, 1972, pl.365 & p.346, and Seibundō Shinkōsha, 1979, Senchinshū, p.134: Five to seven large, outer guard petals, surrounding a tight, compact crown of petaloids with protruding pistil. The flower is 6-7 cm in diameter. Mid-season flowering. Leaves, dark green, Medium size, elliptic to long-elliptic, flat, apex acute; base obtuse, fine, sharp serrations. Vigorous, erect growth. See Yokoyama & Kirino, 1989, Nihon no Chinka, p.359. In America, this cultivar name was erroneously applied to Kumasaka. It was also corruptly spelt: ‘Beni-­karoko’, ‘Beni-koraka’, ‘Beni-koroka’, ‘Beni-ko-roki’, ‘Benikoroko’, ‘Beni-koroku’, ‘Beni­kuruku’, ‘Beni-Karashi’. Different readings: Kōkarako’. Synonyms: ‘Jikkō, in the Reikanji, Kyōto, ‘Nikkō’, ‘Hibikari’, ‘Beni-bokuhan’ in Chūbu area. Sports: Bokuhan-nishiki. Kifukurin-benikarako in Kasuya, 1859, Tsubaki Irohanayose Irotusuki is believed to be a sport of Benikarako. Originated in Kantō District, Japan.

» Japanese Description

 文化出版局. 1975. 《現代椿名鑑》. P.206.  淡交社.1989. 《日本の椿花》..359.     誠文堂新光社.1998.《日本ツバキ.サザンカ名鑑》.p.230.  日本ツバキ協会. 2010. 《最新日本ツバキ図鑑》.  p.99. 江戸產. []濃朱紅色、一重、唐子咲き、小輪、3~4月。[]楕円~長楕円、中形 []立性 [来歴]1739年の「本草花蒔絵」には唐子として載り、紅唐子の名は1879年の伊藤「椿花集」に載る。 別名:日光(関西)、紅卜伴(中部) 写/桐野、文/編集委員会.


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