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Home Cultivars Camellia oleifera Able

Camellia oleifera Able

Last Updated:2021/3/19 12:51:26 By:wangzhonglang
415

Id:ICR-22102

CountryChina

Year Published/Registered2008

Cultivar Type:For Oil

Scientific Name:Camellia oleifera 'Camellia oleifera Able '

Chinese Name:普通油茶

Japanese Name

Meaning

Description

» English Description

Oil Tea Camellia Superior Germplasm Resources, 2008, editor in chief by Chen Yonzhong, p.160. Synonym:‘You Cha’, ‘Zhongguo Youcha’, major cultivars in China. Evergreen trees or shrubs, 7 m high. Leaves elliptic, thick, 3.5-9 cm long, 1.8-4.2 cm wide, glossy, glabrous, petiole length 4-7 mm, fimbriated. Flowers white, petals 5-7, 2.5-4.5 cm long, obovate or lanceolate, apex emarginate. Fruit fimbriated or glabrous, diameter 2-4 cm, thick. Seeds 2.5 cm long.

» Chinese Description

普通油茶【别名】油茶、中果油茶,陈永忠主编,2008年,《油茶优良种质资源》第 160 页。又名油茶、中果油茶等。 它是我国目前的主栽物种,主要形态特征为灌木或小乔木植物,高达7m。小枝微有毛。叶革质,椭圆形,长3.59cm,宽1.84.2cm,上面无毛或中脉有硬毛,下面中脉基部有少数毛或无毛叶柄长47mm,有毛。花白色,顶生,单生或并生;花瓣57,分离,长2.54.5cm,倒卵形至披针形,多数深2裂。蒴果顶端有或无长柔毛,直径1.82.2cm,果瓣厚木质,23裂。种子背圆腹扁,长至2.5cm。分布于我国长江流域及以南各省区为重要的木本油料植物栽培,种于含油30%以上,供食用及工业用,茶籽油脂肪酸组成为棕榈酸(1608.03%,硬脂酸(1801.05%,油酸(18181.91%,亚油酸(1828.05%,亚麻酸(1830.51%。果壳可提制栲胶、皂素、糖醛等。主要分布于我国南方18个省(自治区),现有栽培面积333万公顷,年产茶籽83万吨,湖南、江西和广西是其中心产区,面积和产量分别为湖南118.7万公顷10万吨,江西80万公顷4.8万吨,广西38.7万公顷2.9万吨。目前所有主栽品种均是从该种自然林分中选育出来的。

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