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Captain Rawes

Last Updated:2019/5/17 10:40:15 By:wangzhonglang

Type Image Chosen by Gianmario Motta



Year Published/Registered1830

Cultivar Type:For Ornamental

Scientific Name:Camellia reticulata 'Captain Rawes'

Chinese Name:归霞

Japanese Name



Camellia Reticulata Burdin Maggiore & Co. Catalogue, 1845. Synonym for Captain Rawes.

Captain Rawes Reticulata Magnolia Gardens and Nursery Catalogue, 1952-1953. Orthographic variant for Captain Rawes.

Captain Rawes' Camellia Booth, 1830, Transactions of the Horticultural Society of London. Ortho­graphic variant for Captain Rawes.

Captain Rowe's Camellia Fendig, 1953, American Camellia Catalogue Index. Orthographic error for Captain Rawes.

Chinese Peony-Flowered The Garden, vol.71, 1906, p.215. Synonym for the C.reticulata, Captain Rawes.

Cody Reticulata Lindo Nurseries Catalogue, (before 1945) according to Hume 1946, Camellias in America, p.329. Synonym for Captain Rawes.

17 show +


» English Description

Sweet, 1830, Hortus Britannicus as Captain Rawes; Booth, 1830, Trans­actions of the Horticultural Society of London, 7:519-562 as ‘Captain Rawes’ Camellia’. A very large semi-double to incomplete double flower, 14-17cm across. Bright rose madder, lighter towards the centre. Petals about 15 in two rows, waved and undulated. Anthers, first bright yellow, darkening with age. Leaves, dull green above, light, glossy green below, distinctive veining, broad-elliptic, 8.5-9.5 cm long by 3.5-6 cm wide, blunt apex, finely and sharply serrate. Open growth habit, forming a small tree up to 10 meters in height. The first introduction of C.reticulata was made by the East Indiaman skipper, Captain Rawes, in 1820, who brought back from China an unnamed camellia, which he gave to Thomas Carey Palmer of Kent, England, where it flowered in 1826. In 1824 a further import was made by John Dampier Parks which flowered in 1827 and a description and illustration was published in the Botanical Register (t.1078), 1827 by John Lindley who gave it the botanical rank of C.reticulata. In the same year an illustration of Captain Rawes’ plant was published in the Botanical Magazine, (t.2784) but exhibited differ­ences to the plate of Park’s plant. As pointed out by Robert Sealy in a letter to Kew 26/2/63, the illustration of the plant imported by Parks has a well developed gynoecium while that of Rawes’ importation does not. It would thus appear that a fertile and an infertile form may have been introduced. This would seem to be borne out by the fact that the camellia generally known as ‘Captain Rawes’ has proved to be a most infertile triploid. On the other hand there have been reports from time to time of seedlings from what is nominally this camellia. The first name given, that of Camellia reticulata, is regarded as a species name and not applicable as a cultivar name. Other names applied, such as ‘Semi-duplex’ and ‘Semi-plena’ are invalid as ‘Semi­-duplex’ was used for a C.japonica in 1810 and ‘Semi-plena’ also in 1822. The name ‘Captain Rawes’ Camellia’ was also applied to the C.japonica cultivar Rawesiana, making it invalid for the C.reticulata. Earlier reports than 1830 of names in Japanese literature, have been ‘Tō-tsub­aki’ and ‘Kara-tsubaki’, These translate as “Chinese Camellia” and appear to refer to C.reticulata as a group, rather than a cultivar. No Chinese name has been located in that country for the cultivar and it has recently been re-introduced to the land of its origin where it has been given the synoym ‘Guixia’ or ‘Returning Cloud’. Jane Taylor in The Milder Garden 1990, p.206 erroneously states: “introduced (by Robert Fortune) in 1820”. The plant introduced by Robert Fortune is ‘Pagoda’ (Songzelin). Further synonym: ‘Chinese Peony-Flowered’. Orthographic error: ‘Captain Rowes’. For colour illustations see Urquhart, 1960, The Camellia, pl.XXI; and Macoboy, 1981, The Colour Dictionary of Camellias, p.152; American Camellia Yearbook, 1947, p.119 and 1975, p.149. Received RHS, F.C.C., 1963. Originated in China.

» Chinese Description

管开云、李纪元、王仲朗. 2014.《中国茶花图鉴》p. 258




朱國棟、蔡燦玉,2011. 《台灣茶花族譜》,p.49.

Captain Rawes     罗威士船长 C. reticulata) 云南茶。1830,英国。半重瓣、蝶翅形、浓桃色、巨大(1417cm)、花瓣约1719枚、23重轮列、筒状蕊、花期12月、果实期10月。同种异名:ReturningCloud(归霞)、归霞(Guixia)。此品种于17世纪末出现于中国,花名不详;1820年东印度公司Richard Rawes船长,在中国广东的一家苗圃获得此品种,带回英国之后,交给英格兰Kent市的Thomas Carey Palmer ; 1826年此品种首次于欧洲开花,1827年以’Captain Rawes'之种名公诸于世。