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Gachun No.004 Youzhu

Last Updated:2021/10/29 10:45:22 By:wangzhonglang



Year Published/Registered2020

Cultivar Type:For Oil

AGM Type

Scientific Name:Camellia oleifera 'Gachun No.004 Youzhu'

Chinese Name:高淳004号优株

Japanese Name



» English Description

Yao Xiaohua and Ren Huadong eds. 2020. Oil-tea Camellia Genetic Resource in China. p.764.【Resource number】320125-010-0004;Wild resources (special individual plant);Oil cultivation, genetic breeding materials. Originated in Gaochun District, Nanjing City, Jiangsu Province.【PLANT】Half open. Young shoots have hairs. Leaf buds yellow-green, have tomentose hairs.【LEAF】young leave green,old leaves dark green,Oblong in shape. Leaf margins flat,Leaf apex acuminate,Leaf base cuneate,6.7 cm long and 3.1cm wide.【FLOWER】Sepals have hairs,petal in white color,the pistil shorter than the stamen,stigma lobed 4. Ovaries Have pubescent.【FRUIT】surface smooth,oblate,red in color;average weight 18.74g;Ratio of fresh seeds 60.51%;Testa color Sepia;Kernel oil content 38%.【FATTY ACID CONTENT】Oleic acid 83.6%,Linoleic acid 7.3%,Linolenic acid 0.2%.,Stearic acid 1.7%,Palmitic acid 7.7%. Full blooming season 1 mid January;Fruit harvest season Late October.

» Chinese Description

姚小华、任华东主编,2020年《中国油茶遗传资源》第764页。【资源编号】320125-010-0004;野生资源(特异单株);油用栽培,遗传育种材料。产于江苏省南京市高淳区。【植株】树姿半开张.嫩枝有绒毛. 叶芽黄绿色.有绒毛.【叶】嫩叶绿色,老叶深绿色,长椭圆形. 叶缘平,先端渐尖,基部楔形,长6.7厘米,宽3.1厘米。【花】萼片有绒毛,花瓣白色,雄蕊比雌蕊高,柱头浅裂. 4裂. 子房有绒毛。【果】表面光滑,扁圆球形,红色;平均单果重18.74克;鲜出籽率60.51%;种皮棕褐色;种仁含油率38%。【脂肪酸含量】油酸83.6%,亚油酸7.3%,亚麻酸0.2%.,硬脂酸1.7%,棕榈酸7.7%。盛花期11月中旬;果熟期10月下旬。


Flower Size

Blooming Season China