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Gucheng No.31 Danzhu

Last Updated:2021/10/29 10:45:22 By:wangzhonglang



Year Published/Registered2020

Cultivar Type:For Oil

AGM Type

Scientific Name:Camellia oleifera 'Gucheng No.31 Danzhu'

Chinese Name:谷城31号单株

Japanese Name



» English Description

Yao Xiaohua and Ren Huadong eds. 2020. Oil-tea Camellia Genetic Resource in China. p.711.【Resource number】420625-010-0005;Wild resources (special individual plant);Oil cultivation, genetic breeding materials. Originated in Gucheng County, Hubei Province.【PLANT】Open. Young shoots have hairs. Leaf buds yellow-green, have tomentose hairs.【LEAF】young leave red,old leaves medium green,oval in shape. Leaf margins flat,Leaf apex acuminate,Leaf base nearly round,6.54 cm long and 3.96cm wide.【FLOWER】Sepals have hairs,petal in white color,the pistil taller than the stamen,stigma lobed 3. Ovaries Have pubescent.【FRUIT】surface smooth,round sphere,Teal in color;average weight 35.51g;Ratio of fresh seeds 31.46%;Testa color Sepia;Kernel oil content 34.6%.【FATTY ACID CONTENT】Oleic acid 78%,Linoleic acid 12.1%,Linolenic acid 0.3%.,Stearic acid 0.9%,Palmitic acid 8.2%. Full blooming season 1 mid January;Fruit harvest season 1Early January.

» Chinese Description

姚小华、任华东主编,2020年《中国油茶遗传资源》第711页。【资源编号】420625-010-0005;野生资源(特异单株);油用栽培,遗传育种材料。产于湖北省谷城县。【植株】树姿开张.嫩枝有绒毛. 叶芽黄绿色.有绒毛.【叶】嫩叶红色,老叶中绿色,椭圆形. 叶缘平,先端渐尖,基部近圆形,长6.54厘米,宽3.96厘米。【花】萼片有绒毛,花瓣白色,雌蕊比雄蕊高,柱头浅裂. 3裂. 子房有绒毛。【果】表面光滑,圆球形,青色;平均单果重35.51克;鲜出籽率31.46%;种皮棕褐色;种仁含油率34.6%。【脂肪酸含量】油酸78%,亚油酸12.1%,亚麻酸0.3%.,硬脂酸0.9%,棕榈酸8.2%。盛花期11月中旬;果熟期11月上旬。


Flower Size

Blooming Season China