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Home Cultivars Hakugan


Last Updated:2022/8/12 16:59:14 By:wangzhonglang

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Year Published/Registered1710

Cultivar Type:For Ornamental

AGM Type

Scientific Name:Camellia japonica 'Hakugan'

Chinese Name:白雁

Japanese Name:白雁 はくがん

Meaning:White Wild Goose


Hakkan  Different reading for Hakugan in Zōho Chikinshō.

Hakukan  (White Pheasant), Satomi, 1956, Camellia Varieties of Japan, p.6 as ‘Haku-kan’: White blushed pink. Large double, peony form. Midseason blooming. Satomi’s description is thought to be an error for Hakugan, ie. confusion between Hakkan and Hakugan.

Shirogan  Different reading for Hakugan.

Shirokari  Tokio Nurseries Catalogue, 1896. (White Goose).Different reading for Hakugan.

Shiro-kiji  Fendig, 1953, American Camellia Catalogue. Synonym for Hakugan.

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» English Description

Itō, Ihei, 1710, Zōho Chikinshō: White, very large, semi­double with 3-4 petal rows and cylindrical stamen cluster. Itō, Jukyū, 1739, Honzō Hanamaki’e: White, very large semi-double with 2 rows of petals, bamboo whisk stamen cluster. Kasuya, Kamegorō, 1859, Tsubaki Irohanayose Irotsuki: Description same as Itō, 1710, however in the third part of Tsubaki Irohanayose Irotsuki it is described as pinkish white, peony form flower. Itō, Ko’emon, 1879, Chinkashū with first modern description. See Tuyama, 1966, Camellia Culture of Japan, pl.88, p.146; Tuyama, 1968, Camellias of Japan, pl.68, p.34, colour photo, p.105, description: Leaves broadly elliptic to oblong, slightly folded along the midrib, venation impressed; petioles glabrous. Flower, petals rather few, outer ones large and widely opened, inner ones loosely incurved with poor stamens. White, faintly blushed pink. Flowers mid-season to late. Different readings: ‘Shirokari’, ‘Shirogan’, ‘Hakkan’. Originated in Kantō area, Japan. Synonym: ‘Shirokari’. See, Seibundō Shinkōsha, 1979, Senchinshū, p.111; Encyclopedia of Camellias in Colour, vol.I, 1972, pl.222, p.108.

» Chinese Description

朱國棟、蔡燦玉,2011. 《台灣茶花族譜》,p.117. Hakugan白雁(White Wild Goose)。(C. japonica)红山茶。1710,日本关东地区。半重瓣、极淡粉〜白、割蕊、大轮、花期34月、叶片有黄色斑、树性直立、长势强。不同读音:Shirogan (白雁)、Shirokari。白雁一杨绍溥,1978,台湾茶花,p.72, No.143.

» Japanese Description

講談社 1975年 《現代椿集》 P.323  保育社 .1974《つばき》安藤芳顕著 p.216. 文化出版局. 1975. 《現代椿名鑑》. p.183.    誠文堂新光社.1998.《日本ツバキ.サザンカ名鑑》.p.192.  【花】極淡桃色〜移り白の八重、割りしベ、 大輪、4〜5月。【葉】広楕円、中形、黄色 の散り斑がでるのが特徴。【樹】立性、強 い。【来歴】1710年の「増補地錦抄」に 載る。写/植村、文/編集委員会


Flower Size10-13 cm

Blooming Season3-4 Month Japan