International Camellia Register
Home Cultivars Hakumyōrenji


Last Updated:2022/6/28 7:35:14 By:Sueo Takano

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Year Published/Registered1933

Cultivar Type:For Ornamental

AGM Type

Scientific Name:Camellia japonica 'Hakumyōrenji'

Chinese Name

Japanese Name:白妙蓮寺 はくみょうれんじ

Meaning:White " Myōrenji"


Myorenji White  SCCS., 1951, The Camellia. Its Culture and Nomenclature. Synonym for Hakumyōrenji.

Sakigake  American Camellia Yearbook, 1950. p.34 as supplied to McIlhenny by Chūgai Camellia Nursery Co, 1934-1935. (Charging Ahead). Synonym for Hakumyōrenji.

Shiromyohrenji  Andoh, 1974, Tsubaki Nyūmon.Different reading for ‘Shiro-myōrenji’.

Shiro-myōrenji (White Myōren Temple)  (C.japonica), Minagawa, 1933, Chinkashū: Single white. Tuyama, 1966, Camellia Cultivars of Japan, p.184; Tuyama, 1968, Camellias of Japan, pl.12, p.6, description, p.88 as ‘Shiro-myōren-ji’: Leaves dark green, thick, broadly-elliptic, apex suddenly acute, margins grossly serrate, evoluted, side veins impressed. Flower campanulate single, white, petals broad, undulate and wrinkled. Simple stamen tube with stout white filaments united basal third. Long known in the Aichi and Kansai districts, Japan.Different readings: ‘Shiramyōrenji’, ‘Haku-myōrenji’, ‘Shiro-myohrenji’. Synonym: ‘Myōrenji White’. See: Seibundō Shinkōsha, 1979, Senchinshū, pp. 113, 237 and Yokoyama & Kirino. 1989, Nihon no Chinka, p.41 as ‘Haku-myōrenji’. Synonym for Hakumyōrenji.


» English Description

Minagawa, 1933, Chinkashū. Tuyama, 1966, Camellia Cultivars of Japan, p.184 as ‘Haku-myōrenji’: White, cup-shaped single, medium size, 7-8 large outer petals, some­what crêped on the edge, with a bold, central column of stamens with golden anthers. Leaves broad-ovate; apex blunt acute, shallow, medium serrations, definite venation. Blooms very early to mid-season. Resembles Meigetsu. See colour photos, Seibundō Shinkōsha, 1979, Senchinshū, pp.113, 237; p.41, Yokoyama & Kirino, 1989, Nihon no Chinka. Katei, Gahō, ed., 1984, Chabana Koyomi vol.1, Tsubaki, p.43. Different reading: ‘Shiromyōrenji’. Synonym: ‘Sakigaki’. Myōrenji is the lotus sutra shrine. Originated in Chūbu District, Japan.

» Japanese Description

講談社 1975年 《現代椿集》 P.304. P.489.    文化出版局. 1975. 《現代椿名鑑》. P.184. 淡交社.1989. 《日本の椿花》..41.   誠文堂新光社.1998.《日本ツバキ.サザンカ名鑑》.p.195. 日本ツバキ協会. 2010. 《最新日本ツバキ図鑑》. p.26. 愛知產. [花]白、一重、太い筒咲き、筒しベ、中輪、11~4月。[葉]楕円、中形、肉厚で葉脈が顕著。[樹]立性、やや弱い。[来歴]1931年「中部椿銘鑑」に名のある古くからの品種。写/桐野、文/佐藤


Flower Size8-10 cm

Blooming Season Japan