Chosen by wangzhonglang
Cultivar Type：For Ornamental
Scientific Name：Camellia japonica 'Marguerite Gouillon'
Thomasville Nursery Catalogue, 1935, p.7, erroneously for Marguerite Gouillon. This incorrect listing was used by most American nursermen for the next 25 years.
Duke de Orleans
Kiyono Nursery Catalogue, 1933, p.8. Invalid synonym for Marguerite Gouillon.
Gao, Jiyin, 1993, The Observations from the Camellia World, No.436, p.62. Chinese synonym for the French C.japonica Marguerite Gouillon.
Madame Drouard Gouillon
G.D. Bahuaud Catalogue, ca.1935. Synonym for Marguerite Gouillon.
E.B. Campernowne Catalogue, 1979, p.2. Orthographic error for Marguerite Gouillon.
13 show +
» English Description
Drouard-Gouillon Catalogue, 1839. No description. van Houtte Catalogue, 1842, 9:54: Peony form, soft pink, spotted and streaked with vivid red. Berlèse, 1842, Annales de la Société d’Horticulture de Paris, 30(175):427-429: Peony form, white flushed very pale pink, dotted and striped with crimson, 8-9.5 cm in diameter. Petals obovate, 4 cm x 3.5 cm wide, outer petals in 4-5 layers; centre petals smaller and mixed with stamens and petaloids to give a raised centre. Leaves elliptic, 8 cm x 4.8 cm, shallowly serrate, acuminate, mid-green. Habit upright and vigorous becoming spreading. This camellia was raised by Drouard-Gouillon of Febraud Nursery, Nantes, France about 1840 and named for his daughter. It was first released in a 3 page leaflet, prepared by Berlèse and headed: “1842. Description d’un Nouveau Camellia, souscription ouverte pour le Camellia Marguerite Gouillon. Here is a beautiful camellia variety obtained from seed by M. Drouard-Gouillon of Nantes and flowered for the first time this year, 1842. The flower is 10 cm across, it is full, rounded, almost regular rose form, with a delicate pink base, speckled and streaked vivid red. The broad outer petals are in 6 fan-like rows, rounded, slightly indented, thin and transparent, regularly imbricated and tints of dehcate pink with streaks spots and bands of red. The interior has a variable number of upright, elongated petals of diverse form, some strap-like, others oval, grouped in clusters and forming a united centre, detached from the circumference.” Berlèse described it in the 3rd ed. of his Monographie, 1845 and Verschaffelt illustrated it in his Nouvelle Iconographie, 1850, Book X, pl. III. In recent years it has become confused with another, similar cultivar from the same area in General Lamoricière but they are considered to be separate cultivars. Synonyms: ‘Madam Gouillon’, ‘Parini Nova’. In America Duc d’Orleans has been a psuedonyn for Marguerite Gouillon. Sports: Marguerite Gouillon Rose, ‘Stardust’. Orthographic variants and errors: ‘Marguerite Guillon’, ‘Margherite Gouillon’, ‘Margherita Gouillon’, ‘Margurite Gouillon’, ‘Marguerite de Gouillon’, ‘Margeritta Guillon’, ‘Margaret Gullion’, ‘Marguerite Quillon’, ‘Marguerite Gruillon’, ‘Marte Guillon’. See black and white photos: Fig. 46, RHS., 1961, The Rhododendron and Camellia Yearbook, No.15; Hertrich, 1955, Camellias in the Huntington Gardens, vol.II, p.222.