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Last Updated:2022/8/19 10:24:12 By:wangzhonglang

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Year Published/Registered1788

Cultivar Type:For Ornamental


Scientific Name:Camellia japonica 'Masayoshi'

Chinese Name:正义

Japanese Name:正義 まさよし

Meaning:Personal Name


Aileen  Griffith & Strothers, 1954, American Camellia Yearbook, pp.1, 3: Name applied to ‘Donckelaeri’ (Masayoshi) by Tillian Gardens.

Aleen  Fruitland Nursery Catalogue, 1946-1947, p.27. A name applied to a predominantly white form of ‘Donckelaeri’ (Masayoshi). However, not being stable it is regarded as a synonym and not a separate form.

Alleen  Mark S. Cannon Scion Catalogue, 1962, p.1. Orthographic error for ‘Aleen’, synonym for ‘Donckelaeri’. (Masayoshi).

Angustifolia  Piccioli, ea., 1841, Catalogo della piante del Giardino Botanico, p.11. Note: Felix & Dykhuis, Boskoop Nurseries, Holland used ‘Angustifolia’ as a synonym for ‘Donckelaeri’ (Masayoshi) in their catalogue 1960 to 1989. Synonym: ‘Effendee Angustifolia’.

Augustifolia  Vanderbilt, 1940, Camellia Research, p.2. Orthographic error for ‘Angustifolia’, syn­onym for ‘Donckelaeri’ (Masayoshi).

119 show +


» English Description

Itō, Toku’emon, 1788, Tsubaki Hanagata Tsuki Obo’echō. No description. Uekiya Bunsuke, 1830, Uekiya Bunsuke Hikki, describes Masayoshi, for the first time: Rose-red with parallel striped variegation. Large size, double. Stamens tubical. Another name is `Washio’ (meaning the fanned tail of an eagle, suggesting its distinguishing pattern of variegation) but this is not certain. Masayoshi was named after the owner of the original tree in Kurume, Fuku’oka, Prefecture. See: Encyclopedia of Camellias in Colour, vol.I, 1972, p.334. Dr von Siebold of the Dutch East India Company, carried it to Europe in 1829 from his first journey to Japan. In Europe it was first described by Courtois, 1833, Magazin d’Horticulteur, 1[pt.E]:159 and given the orthographic variant ‘Doncklaeri’. See ‘Doncklaeri’ and ‘Donckelaeri’ for further details. For colour plate see: Encyclopedia of Camellias in Colour, vol.I, 1972, pl.286. Andoh, 1971, Tsubaki, Meika no Shōkai to Saibai, pl.192, p.63. Seibundō Shinkōsha, 1979, Senchinshū, p.143. JCS., 1989, Japan Camellia, No.30, front cover. Note: The characters for the Higo Masayoshi are different to those for this Camellia. Chinese synonyms: ‘Dongkelarui’ and ‘Zhengyi’. This cultivar was awarded  as an AGM (Award of Garden Merit) plant by the Royal Horticultural Society in 1993 at H5 rate (hardy: cold winter; -15°C to -10°C).

» Chinese Description

正義,まさよし,'Masayoshi'C. japonica),陈丽惠2013年《山茶花谱台湾情》第163页,【花】:深红有白斑、筒蕊、半重瓣蓮華型、 大輪、中~晩生。【葉】長橢圓、中型。横張性。此品種在九州各地有樹齢超过200年的古木。

高继银、苏玉华、胡羡聪,2007. 《国内外茶花名种识别与欣赏》,第152页。日本福冈和久留米一带。花鲜艳的红色,有白色云状斑块,半重瓣型,中到大型花,花瓣宽圆,排列整齐而松散,瓣面有清晰深红色脉纹,花心可见金黄色筒状雄蕊,花丝粉红色,花朵稠密。叶片浓绿色,椭圆形,光亮,植株开张,生长旺盛。花期中至晚。

朱國棟、蔡燦玉,2011. 《台灣茶花族譜》,p.179.

Masayoshi正义(Personal Name)。(C. japonica)红山茶。1789,日本福冈县久留米市。半重瓣、深红色底、白云斑、筒蕊、大轮、花期2~3月,树性稍微横张、生长缓慢。同种异名:DonckelaeriDonckelarii (唐立克、唐山客)。突变种:Ville de Nantes (白斑康乃馨)。

Masayoshi (正义)一新竹市茶花产销班目录,2002-2006, p.43, No.520.

» Japanese Description

講談社 1975年 《現代椿集》 P.333 保育社 .1974. 《つばき》安藤芳顕著 .213. 文化出版局. 1975. 《現代椿名鑑》. P.215. 淡交社.1989. 《日本の椿花》..328.    誠文堂新光社.1998.《日本ツバキ.サザンカ名鑑》.p.245.  日本ツバキ協会. 2010. 《最新日本ツバキ図鑑》. p.153. 福岡產. [花]濃紅色に大小の白斑が入る、八重、蓮華咲き、筒しベ、大輪、3~4月。[葉]長楕円、中形。[樹]やや横張り性。[来歴]樹齢200年を超える古木が九州各地にある、シーボルトが欧州に持ち出した椿の1本といわれ、海外ではドン.ケラリ一と呼ばれている。写.文/久冨


Flower Size10-13 cm

Blooming Season2-3 Month Japan