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Rubra Plena

Last Updated:2019/4/10 9:11:17 By:wangzhonglang



Year Published/Registered1802

Cultivar Type:For Ornamental

AGM Type

Scientific Name:Camellia japonica 'Rubra Plena'

Chinese Name:鲁伯拉

Japanese Name



Creville's Red  Seidel, 1816-1817, Allgemeinen Deutschen Garten Magazins, 2:VIII. Orthographic error for ‘Grevill’s Red’, a synonym for Rubra Plena.

Double Purple  Falla, William, Gateshead Nursery Catalogue,1827. Synonym for Rubra Plena.

Double Red  Aiton, 1812, Hortus Kewensis. Synonym for Rubra Plena.

Double Rouge  André Leroy, Angers Nursery Catalogue, 1833, p.13. Synonym for Rubra Plena.

Fl. Pleno Rubra Major  Parmentier, 1818, Catalogue des Arbres et Plantes..., p.15: Abbreviation for ‘Flore Plena Rubra Major’, synonym for Rubra Plena.

30 show +


» English Description

Andrew’s, 1802, Botanical Repository, vol.3, pl.199 as ‘Rubro Plena’; Curtis, Samuel, 1819, Monograph on the Genus Camellia, pl.3; Loddiges, 1823, The Botanical Cabinet, vol.4, pl.397; Chandler & Booth, 1831, Illustrations and Descriptions of Camellias…pl.18: The flowers are about 8-9 cm across. They are of a crimson red colour and resemble the flowers of a large, double, hibiscus. The petals are numerous, of an irregular shape, comparatively long, narrow and pointed, with their edges compressed so as almost to meet. They are nearly upright, and diminish in size towards the centre, which is not elevated. Sometimes the flower has a different appearance, the petals being smaller, similar in colour and formation, but fewer in number and more regular with several parcels of stamens in the centre. It was imported from China in 1794 by Sir Robert Preston, Essex, England. One of the first of the horticultural varieties of C.japonica to reach the Western World, its nomenclature has a long history of confusion. Orthographic variants of the name Rubra Plena include: ‘Flore Rubro Pleno’, ‘Flore Pleno Rubra’, ‘Rubro-­plena’, ‘Rubro Pleno’, ‘Rubro Plena’, ‘Rubra Pleno’. Synonyms: ‘Old Red’, ‘Double Red’, ‘Grev­ellii’, ‘Greville’s Red’, ‘Rouge Double’, ‘Greavill’s Double Red’, ‘Crevelle’s Red’, ‘Queen of Denmark’, ‘Rubra Maxima’, ‘Rubra Maxima Plena’, ‘Rubro Maxima’, ‘Rubro Flore Pleno’, ‘Old Double Red’, ‘Newington’, ‘Madame Lavis’. The name Rubra Plena has been erroneously applied to the following cultivars: Prince Eugene Napoleon, ‘Pope Pius IX’. C.M. Hovey, Carlotta Grisi, Middlemist’s Red, Madame Lebois. Chinese synonym ‘Lubola’.

» Chinese Description

高继银、苏玉华、胡羡聪,2007. 《国内外茶花名种识别与欣赏》,第196页。有文献记载,此品种是Robert Preston先生1794年从中国带到英国的。花鲜艳红色,完全重瓣型,中型花,花瓣排列整齐,由外向内逐渐变小,中部花瓣先端尖,边缘略内卷,花朵稠密。叶片浓绿色,椭圆形,光亮,植株紧凑,生长旺盛。花期中至晚。


Flower Size

Blooming Season China