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Shihe Youzhu No.1

Last Updated:2021/10/29 10:45:22 By:wangzhonglang



Year Published/Registered2020

Cultivar Type:For Oil

AGM Type

Scientific Name:Camellia oleifera 'Shihe Youzhu No.1'

Chinese Name:浉河优株1号

Japanese Name



» English Description

Yao Xiaohua and Ren Huadong eds. 2020. Oil-tea Camellia Genetic Resource in China. p.843.【Resource number】411502-010-0001;Wild resources (special individual plant);Oil cultivation, genetic breeding materials. Originated in Xihe District, Xinyang City, Henan Province.【PLANT】upright. Young shoots have hairs. Leaf buds yellow-green, have tomentose hairs.【LEAF】young leave green,old leaves yellow-green,oval in shape. Leaf margins flat,Leaf apex acuminate,Leaf base cuneate,6.47 cm long and 3.23cm wide.【FLOWER】Sepals have hairs,petal in white color,the pistil shorter than the stamen,stigma deeply split 3. Ovaries Have pubescent.【FRUIT】surface smooth,round sphere,red in color;average weight 13.07g;Ratio of fresh seeds 36.04%;Testa color brownness;Kernel oil content 41.7%.【FATTY ACID CONTENT】Oleic acid 85.1%,Linoleic acid 5.1%,Linolenic acid 0.3%.,Stearic acid 2.2%,Palmitic acid 6.8%. Full blooming season Mid-October;Fruit harvest season Mid-to-late October.

» Chinese Description

姚小华、任华东主编,2020年《中国油茶遗传资源》第843页。【资源编号】411502-010-0001;野生资源(特异单株);油用栽培,遗传育种材料。产于河南省信阳市浉河区。【植株】树姿直立.嫩枝有绒毛. 叶芽黄绿色.有绒毛.【叶】嫩叶绿色,老叶黄绿色,椭圆形. 叶缘平,先端渐尖,基部楔形,长6.47厘米,宽3.23厘米。【花】萼片有绒毛,花瓣白色,雄蕊比雌蕊高,柱头深裂. 3裂. 子房有绒毛。【果】表面光滑,圆球形,红色;平均单果重13.07克;鲜出籽率36.04%;种皮褐色;种仁含油率41.7%。【脂肪酸含量】油酸85.1%,亚油酸5.1%,亚麻酸0.3%.,硬脂酸2.2%,棕榈酸6.8%。盛花期10月中旬;果熟期10月中下旬。


Flower Size

Blooming Season China