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Taka-chiho

Last Updated:2021/3/2 8:41:07 By:wangzhonglang
364

Id:ICR-23997

CountryJapan

Year Published/Registered1953

Cultivar Type:For Tea

AGM Type

Scientific Name:Camellia sinensis 'Taka-chiho'

Chinese Name

Japanese Name:高千穂茶 たかちほちゃ

Meaning

Synonym

宮崎9号 旧系統名:宮崎9号

茶農林11号 農林認定品種(茶農林11号)

Description

» English Description

Taka-chiho. (C. sinensis). Registered in 1953. Selected from seedlings of original Japanese tea in Miyazaki. Use for Pan fried green tea. Miyazaki Pref..

[Agriculture registration] Tea Norin 11

[Product registration] None

[Characteristics] A medium-grade pot for roasted tea.

[Developer] Miyazaki Prefecture Agricultural Experiment Station Tea Industry Branch

[History] It was selected from a conventional seedling garden in the Miyazaki Prefectural Agricultural Experiment Station in 1924. In 1929, it was transplanted at the same time as the Kawaminami Branch of the Agricultural Experiment Station and the survey was continued. In 1935, when the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry designated original seed field was established, it was registered as Tea Norin 11 in 1953 when it was transferred to the original tree under the strain name of ME9. It was named'Takachiho'.

[Early-early] The germination stage and plucking period of Ichiban-cha are almost the same as that of "Yabukita", and the early-earlier type is a rather early middle-season variety.

[Morphological characteristics] The tree shape is upright, the vigor and the plant tension are medium, the bud length of the shoots is slightly shorter than that of'Yabukita', and the new leaves are pale green oval with a little thick mesophyll. The mature leaves are medium-sized, oval-shaped, slightly dark green, and have a slightly thick mesophyll, and the edges of the leaves are less corrugated and less inverted.

[Rooting of cuttings] is good and well-balanced.

[Good or bad initial growth] Good and well-balanced

[Tailoring method] Since the tree is upright, it is necessary to lower the initial pruning to secure the plant tension.

[Yield] The yield is almost the same as that of'Yabukita'. It should be noted that, although there are some cases where the annual yield is high, there are cases where the results are poor, and it is difficult to achieve good results unless soil is cultivated sufficiently such as deep plowing and composting.

[Quality] The quality of the roasted green tea It is tight and has a good shape. Akizawa has a slightly yellow-green color, while the light blue color has a slightly faint flavor with a sweet, cool and rich flavor.

[Cold resistance] Medium resistance to red-dyed cold damage, medium resistance to laceration type frost damage, cold resistance of winter buds is slightly weak. Since the re-sprouting ability is weak, the growth of the buds becomes uneven when the frost damage is received, and the plucking period is later than that of'Yabukita'.

[Insect resistance] It is moderate for anthrax disease and slightly strong for ring spot disease, and control against these diseases is not particularly required except for frequent years and frequent areas, but it is weak for the scale bug. Cage control required.

[Suitable for cultivation] Cold resistance is not so strong, so it is suitable for coastal areas and central flat areas in the Kyushu region. Leaf spots due to zinc deficiency are more likely to occur after the second tea in the volcanic ash soil U area.

[Processing characteristics] Kama roasted tea variety. When it is made into sencha, Irozawa tends to be slightly black.

» Japanese Description

高千穂(Taka-chiho). たかちほ.  旧系統名:宮崎9号。公表日:1953。 釜炒茶玉緑茶用1953年登録農林認定品種(茶農林11号)宮崎県在来種実生

【農林登録】茶農林11

【品種登録】なし

【特徴】中生の釜炒り茶用品種。

育成者】宮崎県総合農業試験場茶業支場

【来歴】1924年に宮崎県立農事試験場内の在来実生園から選抜されたもので,1929年に農事試験場川南分場の設置と同時に移植され調査が継続された。1935年に農林省指定原種圃が設置されるにあたつて,ME9号の系統名で原樹に編入された。1953年に茶農林11号に登録され.‘たかちほと命名された。

【早晩性】一番茶の萌芽期および摘採期はやぶきた乂ほぼ同じで,早晩性はやや早い中生種。

【形態的特性】樹姿は直立型で,樹勢および株張りは中,新芽の芽長はやぶきたよりやや短く,新葉は淡緑色の楕円形でやや葉肉が厚い。成葉は中型の楕円形でやや濃緑色をしており葉肉がやや厚く,葉縁の波および反転度は小さい。

【挿し木発根性】良好で.均整庚も良い。

【初期生育の良否】良好で均整度も良い

【仕立て法】樹姿が直立型であるため,初回剪枝を低めにして株張りを確保する必要がある。

【収量性】収量はやぶきたとほぼ同等。なお,例年多収を上げているとろがある反面,成績不良の事例もあり,深耕や堆肥投入などの土つくりを十分に行なわないと成績が上がりにくい6

【品質】炒り茶Itでの品質は,締まりが良ぐて形状の揃いも良好である。色沢はやや黄緑色で,水色はやや薄ぐ香味は甘涼しい爽快さのなかに濃厚な風味をも.つている。

【耐寒性】赤枯れ型寒害抵抗性は中,裂傷型凍害抵抗性も中,越冬芽の耐寒性はやや弱。再萌芽力が弱いので,晚霜害を受けると芽の生育は不揃いとなり,摘採期もやぶきたに比べ遅くなる。

【耐病虫性】炭疽病には中,輪斑病にはやや強で,これらの病害への防除は多発年や常発地帯を除き特に必要ないが,クワシロカイガラムシには弱となつており防除が必要。

【栽培適地】耐寒性がさほど強くないので,九州地方の沿海部および中部平坦部に適する。火山灰土U地帯では二番茶以降に亜鉛欠乏による斑葉が発生しやすい。

【加工特性】釜炒り茶用品種。煎茶に製造すると,色沢がやや黒みを帯びやすい。


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