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南山茶 Camellia semiserrata

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Description
  • English Description
  • Chinese Description

Camellia semiserrata, Subgenus Camellia, Sect.Camellia, Subsect. Reticulata Chang, Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni, monogr.ser. 1: 56. 1981. Ser. Reticulatae Chang,Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni, monogr. ser. 1: 61. 1981.  Chang Hung-ta and Bruce Bartholomew (1984). Camellias,p.90: Camelliasemiserrata Chi, Sunyatsenia 7: 15. 1948. .

Camellia semiserrata var. semiserrata, Subgenus Camellia, Sect.Camellia, Subsect. Reticulata Chang, Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni, monogr.ser. 1: 56. 1981.  Ser. Reticulatae Chang, Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni, monogr.ser. 1: 61. 1981. Chang Hung-ta and Bruce Bartholomew (1984). Camellias,p.90: Camellia semiserrata Chi var. semiserrata[Description] Leaves elliptic, 5-6.5 cm wide, only the apical 1/s serrate. Bracts and sepals 10-11; petals 6-7, red.Capsules 4-8 cm in diameter, fruit crustaceous and thick.

Camellia semiserrata var. albiflora, Subgenus Camellia, Sect.Camellia, Subsect. Reticulata Chang, Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni, monogr.ser. 1: 56. 1981. Ser. Reticulatae Chang,Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni, monogr. ser. 1: 61. 1981.  Chang Hung-ta and Bruce Bartholomew (1984). Camellias,p.90: Camellia semiserrata var. albiflora Hu& Huang in Hu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10:137. 1965. [Description] Leaves oblong, 10-17 cm long, 4-6 cm wide; flowerswhite, fruit larger than the species.

Gao Jiyin, Clifford R. Parks, Du Yueqiang, 2005, Collected Species of the Genus Camellia an Illustrated Outline,p.73-74. Flowers are pink to red, corolla may remain tubular and not open fully, 8.0-10.5 cm in diameter, borne singly at the tips of shoots and additionally in leaf axils. Perules 8-11, persistent at flowering, outside mostly tomentose, inside densely tomentose. Petals 6-11, 5.6-1.6 cm long, 4.0-6.1 cm wide, obcordate in shape, slightly notched at tip, petal bases fused with the base of the androecial column up to 15 mm. Androecium glabrous, 3.7-5.1 cm long, outer layers of stamens fused into a cup up to 2.5 cm long, approximately 200 stamens. Gynoecium 3.5-6.0 cm long, 3-5 styles with some hair near the base, ovary tomentose. Blooming season: midwinter to spring. Capsules ovoid, 6.0-8.0 cm long, 4.0-7.0 cm in diameter, 3-5 locules, pericarp wall 1.0-2.0 cm thick. Seeds pubescent, oil content 20.5%-29.4%.Leaves elliptic to obovate in shape, tip long acuminate to cuspidate, base cuneate to rounded, 9.8-18.2 cm long, 3.1-8.3 cm wide, 20%-50% of the basal portion of the leaf entire, remainder serrulate, upper surface with impressed veins, glabrous, lower surface with raised veins, glabrous or variously villous on the midrib. Petioles 8-16 mm long, glabrous. Tree up to 15 m tall, young shoots glabrous and purplish-brown in color, older branches smooth and gray in color. Distribution: Guangning, Qingyuan, Deqing and Xinyi in south-western Guangdong Province, and southeastern Guangxi; Elevation: 250-500 m; Specific locality: Shidong village, Xinbao Town, Xinyi City, Guangxi, China.

南山茶Camellia semiserrata Chi in sunyatsenia, 715, 1948. 张宏达,1981. 《山茶属植物的系统研究》第66页。【标本】广东:鼎湖山,李启精196;广宁,缪汝槐,中大标本号137184;广东林科所栽培,张宏达s.n中山大学标本号120623;广宁,梁向日61842(花模式);阳春,黄志38584(果模式)。广西:无地址,梁盛业110【形态特征】叶椭圆形,宽5-6.5厘米,近先端1/3有锯齿9苞片及萼片10-11片,花瓣6-7片,红色,蒴果直径4-8厘米,果壳极厚。

白花南山茶Camellia serniserrata var. albiflora Hu et T. C. Huang in Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10137,1965. 张宏达,1981. 《山茶属植物的系统研究》第66页。【标本】广东:封开,陈少卿18468 (模式);同地,张冰明5048,。【形态特征】这个变种叶片长圆形,10-17X4-6厘米,花白色,果较原种大。

高继银、帕克斯、杜跃强,2005. ��山茶属植物主要原种彩色图集》浙江科学技术出版社,第73-74页。花粉红色至红色,花冠多为半开放,直径8.0~10.5厘米,单花顶生和腋生。鳞片8~11枚,随花开放而宿存,外被绢毛,内密被绢毛。花瓣6~11枚,长5.6~7.6厘米,宽4.0~6.1厘米,倒心形,先端微凹,基部与雄蕊柱连生15毫米。雄蕊无毛,长3.7~5.1厘米,外轮花丝基部连生形成2.5厘米长短管,雄蕊数约200枚。雌蕊长3.5~6.0厘米,花柱3~5裂,基部被毛,子房被绒毛。花期冬季中期到春季。蒴果卵球形,长6.0~8.0厘米,直径4.0~7.0厘米,3~5室,果皮厚1.0~2.0厘米。种子被短柔,含油量为 20.5% ~ 29.4%0叶椭圆形至倒卵形,先端长尖至尾尖,基部楔形至圆 形,长9.8 ~ 18.2厘米,宽3.1~8.3厘米。从基部起,20%~50%的部分边缘无齿,其余部分边缘具齿,叶面无毛,叶脉凹陷,叶背无毛或中脉被长柔毛,叶脉凸起。叶柄长8~16毫米,无毛。乔木,高可达15米,嫩枝无毛,紫褐色,老枝光滑,灰色。分布:广东省西南部的广宁'清远、德庆、信宜一带 以及广西壮族自治区的东南部,海拔250-500米。可寻 地点:广东省信宜市新宝镇石洞村。

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