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Chixia

Last Updated:2021/10/30 21:36:17 By:wangzhonglang
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Id:ICR-24672

CountryChina

Year Published/Registered2012

Cultivar Type:For Oil

Scientific Name:Camellia oleifera 'Chixia'

Chinese Name:赤霞

Japanese Name

Meaning

Description

» English Description

Chixia (C. oleifera), a new variety authorized by the State Forestry and Grassland Administration of China in 2012, the variety right number: 20120140, originated by Chen Yongzhong and Wang Debin of Hunan Academy of Forestry Sciences.

Yao Xiaohua and Ren Huadong eds. 2020. Oil-tea Camellia Genetic Resource in China. p.312.【Resource number】430103_010_0036;Breeding resources (excellent variety);Oil cultivation, genetic breeding materials. Originated in Yuhua District, Changsha City, Hunan Province.【PLANT】Open. Young shoots have hairs. Leaf buds yellow-green, have tomentose hairs.【LEAF】young leave yellow-green,old leaves medium green,oval in shape. Leaf margins Fine serration,Leaf apex acuminate,Leaf base cuneate or nearly round,5.2 cm long and 3.2cm wide.【FLOWER】Sepals have hairs,petal in white color,the pistil shorter than the stamen,stigma deeply split 3. Ovaries have pubescent.【FRUIT】surface Slightly hairy,Ovoid,red or dark red in color;average weight 23.5g;Ratio of fresh seeds 47.2%;Testa color brown;Kernel oil content 61.41%.【FATTY ACID CONTENT】Oleic acid 84.16%,Linoleic acid 7.23%,Linolenic acid -%.,Stearic acid 1.48%,Palmitic acid 7.07%. Full blooming season Mid to late November;Fruit harvest season Late October.

» Chinese Description

赤霞Camellia oleifera 'Chixia'是2012年国家林草局授权的新品种,【品种权号】20120140,【培育人】陈永忠、王德斌,【品种权人】湖南省林业科学院。【品种特性】赤霞是通过普通油茶优树资源选育获得。冠形开张,树高2.0 -3. 0 m;叶长椭圆或披针形,长4. 5-8.0cm,宽2.0-3.3cm,背面有明显散生腺点,或有脉纹;花径5.5-8.8cm,花瓣5-8 枚,白色,倒心形,长2. 8-4. 3cm,宽1. 6-3.0cm,先端凹入,柱头3-4裂至2/3 左右;果实卵圆形或橄榄形,果皮红棕或红黄色,具浅棱,果径2.7-4.1cm,果高3.3-4.4cm,鲜果出籽率45.3%,干籽含油率39.5%,种仁含油率58.6%,油质优;湖南花期10 月下旬-12 月下旬,果实成熟期10 月下旬。

姚小华、任华东主编,2020年《中国油茶遗传资源》第312页。【资源编号】430103_010_0036;选育资源(良种);油用栽培,遗传育种材料。产于湖南省长沙市雨花区。【植株】树姿开张.嫩枝有绒毛. 叶芽黄绿色.有绒毛.【叶】嫩叶黄绿色,老叶中绿色,椭圆形. 叶缘细锯齿,先端渐尖,基部楔形或近圆形,长5.2厘米,宽3.2厘米。【花】萼片有绒毛,花瓣白色,雄蕊比雌蕊高,柱头深裂. 3裂. 子房有绒毛。【果】表面略有毛,卵球形,红色或暗红色;平均单果重23.5克;鲜出籽率47.2%;种皮棕褐色;种仁含油率61.41%。【脂肪酸含量】油酸84.16%,亚油酸7.23%,亚麻酸-%.,硬脂酸1.48%,棕榈酸7.07%。盛花期11月中下旬;果熟期10月下旬。

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