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Home Cultivars Erqiao


Last Updated:2022/8/11 10:20:14 By:wangzhonglang

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Year Published/Registered1980

Cultivar Type:For Ornamental

AGM Type

Scientific Name:Camellia reticulata 'Erqiao'

Chinese Name:二乔

Japanese Name

Meaning:Twin Beauties


Beauty Twin  Bao, 1980, ACS, The Camellia Journal, vol.35, No.2, p.18. Synonym for Erqiao.

Erh-ch'ao  Yü & Bartholomew, 1980, American Camellia Yearbook, p.23.Different reading for Erqiao.

Erjiao  Yü & Bartholomew, 1890, American Camellia Yearbook, p.23. Orthographic error for Erqiao.

Twin Beauties  Feng et al., 1981, Yunnan Shancha Hua, p.30. Synonym for Erqiao.


» English Description

Savige, 1980, International Camellia Journal, No.12, p.71: This camellia is a single pink softening to white at the centre. The name refers to an ancient Chinese tale regarding two beautiful young women named “Daqiao” and “Xiaqaio”. People called them “Erqiao”. As the colour of the inner petals differs from that of the outer, so it was named Erqiao. Feng et al., 1986, Yunnan Camellias of China, p.31 with colour plate: Leaves narrowly-­oblong, apices long-acuminate, bases cuneate, margins shallowly serrate, 8-9 cm long x 3-3.5 cm wide. Outer petals 3, slightly red (RHS.CC.56D), inner three, milky white (RHS.CC.69A), diameter 9.5 cm, trumpet shaped when open. Stamens numerous around pistils. Fertile. Flow­ers early to mid-season. Selected from open pollinated seedlings of C.reticulata f. simplex, Ten­chong, Yunnan, China. Different reading: ‘Erh-ch’iao’. Synonyms: ‘Beauty Twin’, ‘Twin Beauties’, ‘Beauties Twin’. Orthographic error: ‘Erjiao’.

» Chinese Description

朱國棟、蔡燦玉,2011. 《台灣茶花族譜》 p.89. Erqiao ニ乔(C. reticulata)云南茶。1980,中国云南腾冲。野生云南茶培育选出。单瓣、制 叭形、外面3瓣淡桃色、乳白色淡雾边、内面3瓣淡紫桃色、中轮(9.5cm)、花瓣约67枚、 2重排列、筒状蕊、花期13月、果实期10月。同种异名:Beauty TwinTwin Beauties Erqiao (ニ乔)ー蔡福贵,2005,世界茶花专辑,p.147, No.28.

冯国楣、夏丽芳、朱象鸿,1981.《云南山茶花》,图片p.8。文字描述p.105。二 乔(Erqiao)   Beauty Twin.【叶】狭长橢圆形,长8 — 9厘米,宽3—3.5厘米,先 端长渐尖,基部楔形,叶缘锯齿特稀而浅。【花】外轮3片微带红晕(R.H.S.C.C.56D);内轮3片 乳白色(R.H.S.C.C.69A),直径约9.5厘米,花开似喇机 状。雄蕊多数,围雌蕊环生。雌蕊发育正常,能结实。花期1月中旬至3月上旬。本品种系从腾冲红花油茶天然杂交单株中选出。 树形优美,枝叶密茂。花瓣虽少,但一花二色,极为别致。


» Japanese Description

中国科学院昆明植物研究所 1981 「雲南のツバキ」p. 30.【葉】狹楕円形。長さ8〜9cm,幅3〜3.5cm。先端は漸銳先形で,基部はくさび形。葉身は基部_ から先端に向かって,わずかに外側に反って弧 状になる。鋸歯はにまばらにつき,浅い。【花】花形はラッパ形。花色は外方の弁3枚が 淡桃色を带びたぼかし(R.H.S.C.C.56D),内方の 弁3枚が淡紫桃色(R.H.S.C.C. 69 A )。花径は約9,5 咖。花弁は6〜7枚あり,2重の輪状に配列する。雄ずいは多い。輪状につき,基部*4■以下は癒合し て筒状になる。雌ずいは発育が正常。結実する。 花期は1月中旬〜3月上旬。果実期は10月。【参考】騰冲の雲南紅花油茶林で,自然交雑の株のなかから選び出した新品種。樹形は優美で 枝や葉は密に茂る。花弁は少ないが,2色の花色 はきわめて美しい。


Flower Size7-10 cm

Blooming Season1-3 Month China