International Camellia Register
ICR
Home Cultivars Fengyang 3

Fengyang 3

Last Updated:2021/11/15 20:58:56 By:wangzhonglang
137

Type Image

Chosen by wangzhonglang

Id:ICR-24616

CountryChina

Year Published/Registered2011

Cultivar Type:For Oil

AGM Type

Scientific Name:Camellia oleifera 'Fengyang 3'

Chinese Name:凤阳3号

Japanese Name

Meaning

Description

» English Description

Fengyang 3Camellia oleifera. China Forestry Publishing House, 2016. Oil-tea Camellia Cultivars in China, p.108. Yao Xiaohua and Ren Huadong eds. 2020. Oil-tea Camellia Genetic Resource in China. p.257.【Resource number】341126_010_0003;Breeding resources (excellent variety);Oil cultivation, genetic breeding materials. Originated in Fengyang County, Chuzhou City, Anhui Province.【PLANT】Half-opened. Young shoots have hairs. Leaf buds yellow-green, have tomentose hairs.【LEAF】young leave yellow-green,old leaves deep green,oval in shape. Leaf margins wavy,Leaf apex obtuse,Leaf base cuneate,5.96 cm long and 3.04cm wide.【FLOWER】Sepals have hairs,petal in white color,the pistil shorter than the stamen,stigma lobed 3. Ovaries have pubescent.【FRUIT】surface Chaff,Ovoid,To Sunny red in color;average weight 21.22g;Ratio of fresh seeds 46.56%;Testa color brown;Kernel oil content 53.2%.【FATTY ACID CONTENT】Oleic acid 83.6%,Linoleic acid 7.5%,Linolenic acid -%.,Stearic acid -%,Palmitic acid -%. Full blooming season Mid-November;Fruit harvest season Late September.

» Chinese Description

凤阳3Camellia oleifera Fengyang 3. 中国林业出版社, 2016. 《中国油茶品种志》,p.108。【认定编号】皖R-SF-CO-015-2011【品种类别】家系【原产地】安徽省凤阳县【选育地】安徽省凤阳县蒋庄【选育单位】安徽省林业高科技开发中心【选育年份】2007-2011年【植物学特征】小乔木,性喜温暖,对土壤要求不严,耐瘠薄、耐千旱,抗寒性强。30-40年生,丛生状,树高2.76m,从地面25c.m处分2叉,后分为4叉,主干皮褐色,冠幅2.70mx2.15m;早春幼果生长快,茶果成熟时,阳面微红,、果面粗糙呈褐色,桃形;叶色浓绿,椭圆形,成熟新梢棕褐色,革质、较厚,单叶互生,叶片近水平,侧脉对数8;花两性,白色,6瓣,萼片数6,有芽茸毛,芽鳞黄绿色。【经济性状】4年平均产茶果1.38kg/m²;每千克茶果平均46个,单果重22g,大小年不明显,产量稳定;鲜果出籽率45.10%,干果籽率58.52%,出仁率69.33%,仁含油率53.20%。不饱和脂肪酸含量91.1%,其中油酸83.6%,亚油酸7.5%。单位面积产油量:折合每公顷产油量平均940.8kg。【典型识别特征】树姿半开张,树冠伞形。枝下高较低,枝条较平展。叶片近水平。果褐色,呈桃形。

姚小华、任华东主编,2020年《中国油茶遗传资源》第257页。【资源编号】341126_010_0003;选育资源(良种);油用栽培,遗传育种材料。产于安徽省滁州市凤阳县。【植株】树姿半开张.嫩枝有绒毛. 叶芽黄绿色.有绒毛.【叶】嫩叶黄绿色,老叶深绿色,椭圆形. 叶缘波状,先端钝尖,基部楔形,长5.96厘米,宽3.04厘米。【花】萼片有绒毛,花瓣白色,雄蕊比雌蕊高,柱头浅裂. 3裂. 子房有绒毛。【果】表面糠秕,卵球形,向阳面红色;平均单果重21.22克;鲜出籽率46.56%;种皮褐色;种仁含油率53.2%。【脂肪酸含量】油酸83.6%,亚油酸7.5%,亚麻酸-%.,硬脂酸-%,棕榈酸-%。盛花期11月中旬;果熟期9月下旬。

Flower

Flower Size

Blooming Season China

Photos