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Last Updated:2022/8/3 16:34:10 By:wangzhonglang

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Year Published/Registered1859

Cultivar Type:For Ornamental


Scientific Name:Camellia japonica 'Akashigata'

Chinese Name:明石潟

Japanese Name:明石潟 あかしがた

Meaning:Akashi bay


Akashi  Wilmot, 1946, "Camellia Growing", University of Florida Bulletin, 130:1-19 as ‘Akasi’. An abbreviation for Akashigata.

Akashi Bay  Macoboy, 1981, The Colour Dictionary of Camellias, p.68. Synonym for Akashigata.

Akasi  Wilmot, 1946, American Camellia Yearbook, p.27. Corruption of Japanese name ‘Akashi’; abbreviation for Akashigata.

Akasi Gata  Wilmot, 1946 American Camellia Yearbook, p.27. Corruption of Japanese name Akashigata.

Akasigata  Hazlewood & Jessep, 1972, Checklist - Camellia Cultivars from Nursery Catalogues, p.3. Corruption of the Japanese name Akashigata.

13 show +


» English Description

Kasuya, Kamegorō, 1859, Tsubaki Irohanayose Irotsuki; Itō, Ko’emon, 1879, Chinka Shū: Deep pink, large semi-double, 12-14 cm across, with 13 wide petals. Stamens small cylindrical cluster, filaments yellow, reddish at root. Leaves, large, elliptical; apex, caudate; base, obtuse,; surface smooth, reflexed and slightly keeled. Vigorous, bushy growth. Early to mid-season blooming. Synonyms: ‘Lady Clare’, ‘Pink Czar’, ‘Empress’, ‘Nellie Bly’, and erroneously, ‘Akasi-gata’. Pseudonym:- ‘Grandiflora Rosea’. For other forms of this cultivar see Ōniji, Destiny, Linda Laughlin, and Mrs Leroy Epps. It was imported into Europe by van Houtte who sold it to the Caledonia Nursery where it was named ‘Lady Clare’. It received the National Hall of Fame Award, 1978 as ‘Lady Clare’. The RHS Award of Merit in 1927. For colour photos and descriptions see: Camellias - A Wisley Handbook, 1985, plates p.53, 57. Fairweather, 1979, Rhododendrons and Azaleas in your Garden, p.120. Hume, 1946, Camellias in America, p.177. Tuyama, 1966 Camellia Cultivars of Japan, pl.4, p.12; Encyclopedia of Camellias in Colour, vol.I, 1972, pl.173, p.316. Seibundō Shinkōsha, 1979, Senchinshū, p.5 & 196. Originated in Kanto District, Japan. This cultivar was awarded  as an AGM (Award of Garden Merit) plant by the Royal Horticultural Society in 1993 at H5 rate (hardy: cold winter; -15°C to -10°C).

» Chinese Description

明石潟,あかしがた'Akashigata'C. japonica),陈丽惠2013年《山茶花谱台湾情》第170页,【花】:粉、筒蕊、半重瓣型、太~極大輪、早~中生。【葉】橢圓~廣橢圓、大型。橫張性、強健。1859年「椿伊呂波名寄色附」記載。

朱國棟、蔡燦玉,2011. 《台灣茶花族譜》,p.9. Akashigata    明石潟(Akashi Bay) C. japonica    Akashigata 明石潟(Akashi Bay) (C. japonica)红山茶 。 1859,曰本关东 。半重瓣、平开形、深粉红色、大〜巨大(1214cm)、花瓣约13枚、小筒蕊、黄色花丝、基部浅红色、花期122月、树性横张、长势强、三倍体。

同种异名:EmpressLady Clare (克丽耳小姐)。1887年,Van Houtte将此品种引入欧洲,卖给英国的Caledonia种苗园,取名为Lady Clare (克莱尔夫人)。

明石潟一杨绍溥,1978,台湾茶花,p.68, No.78

Akashigata (明石湾)一高继银,1998,世界名贵茶花,p.13, No.4.

» Japanese Description

講談社 1975年 《現代椿集》 P.316. 保育社 .1974《つばき》安藤芳顕著 p.217.    文化出版局. 1975. 《現代椿名鑑》. P.58.    淡交社 1989年 《日本の椿花》. p.310、日本ツバキ協会. 誠文堂新光社.1998.《日本ツバキ.サザンカ名鑑》.p12.  2010. 《最新日本ツバキ図鑑》. p.114. 江戸產. [花]桃紅色、八重、平開咲き、筒しベ、極大輪、2~4月。[菜]楕円~広楕円、大形、肉厚。[樹]横張り性、強い。[来歴]1859年の「椿伊呂波名寄色附」に載る、三倍体品種。写/桐野、文/編集委員会


Flower Size12-14 cm

Blooming Season12-2 Month Japan