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Home Cultivars Chūbu-tsukimiguruma


Last Updated:2022/2/14 8:21:50 By:Sueo Takano

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Year Published/Registered1972

Cultivar Type:For Ornamental

AGM Type

Scientific Name:Camellia japonica 'Chūbu-tsukimiguruma'

Chinese Name

Japanese Name:中部月見車 ちゅうぶつきみぐるま

Meaning:Chūbu Moon Viewing Carriage


Tsukimi-guruma-Nagoya  (Moon Viewing Cariage from Nagoya), (C.japonica) Kasuya, Kamegorō, 1859, Tsubaki Irohanayose Irotsuki; Itō, Ko’emon. 1879, Chinkashū as one of the ‘Santsuma’ (Three Spouses) with Yukimiguruma and Hanamiguruma. The stamens of these cultivars is like a wheel. i.e. ‘Kuruma’. Spreading wide in a ring formation. Tuyama, 1966, Camellia Cultivars of Japan, p.162; Tuyama, 1968, Camellias of Japan, pl.113, p.57, description, p.120; Satō, 1975, Chūbu no Tsubaki, p.74 as ‘Tsukimi-guruma’: Leaves elliptic to broad-elliptic, with rather longer glabrous petioles. Flowers of Higo camellia type, petals broad, rounded at the apex and wrinkled at the margin, light pink with fine dots in deeper pink that is distributed more densely towards the margin. Staminal tube low and broad with stamens a little scattered. Late flowering. There had been some confusion with the previous cultivar, but it is now generally agreed that Dr Tuyama’s ‘Tsukimi-guruma-Nagoya’ is the same variety as the old Edo cultivar Tsukimi-guruma. Synonyms: ‘Chūbu-tsukimi-guruma’, ‘Goshozakura’.

Tsukone Gruruma  Cannon Scion Catalogue, 1964-1965, p.15. Corruption of the Japanese name Tsukimi-guruma.

Tsukonegruma  John Waterer Sons & Crisp Ltd. Catalogue, 1964-1975, p.7. Corruption of the Japanese name Tsukimi-guruma.

Tsukoni Grupuma  Killiow Gardens Catalogue, 1985-1986. Corruption of the Japanese name Tsukimi-guruma.

Tsukonicruruma  Try, 1965, RHS., The Rhododendron and Camellia Yearbook, No.19, p.157. Corrup­tion of the Japanese name Tsukimi-guruma.

4 show +


» English Description

Encyclopedia of Camellias in Colour, vol.1, 1972, p.50, pl.38, description, p.296; Seibundō Shinkōsha, 1980, Senchinshū p.96 & p.230; Satō, 1975, Chūbu no Tsubaki, p.74, erroneously as ‘Tsukimiguruma’: Medium size, 8-9 cm across, single pink, with colour softening to white towards the centre; 5-7 large, rounded, reflexed petals with their tips becoming deep pink, surrounding a large, spreading stamen cluster, in a ring form, with yellow filaments and anthers. Blooms mid-season. The flower is somewhat Higo like in form. Large, lanceolate to ellipic, flat, dark green leaves with well defined venation, long tapered apex and serrulate margin. Habit is erect and bushy. An old variety grown at the Higashiyama Botanic Gardens, Nagoya City, Japan, believed to be synonymous with the old Edo cultivar, ‘Tsukimi-guruma’, (Kamegorō, 1859), which is one of the ‘Sanzuma” three spouses with Yukimiguruma and Hanamiguruma, implying that these varieties were loved as if they were wives, by the ancient camellia growers. See Yokoyama & Kirino, 1989, Nihon no Chinka, p.128, 129, colour photo. Synonyms: ‘Goshozakura’ and ‘Tsukimiguruma-Nagoya’.

» Japanese Description

講談社 1975年 《現代椿集》 P.296. 保育社 .1974. 《つばき》安藤芳顕著 .210. 文化出版局. 1975. 《現代椿名鑑》. P.167.  淡交社.1989. 《日本の椿花》..128.     ガーデンラィフ編集部. 1980. 《原色日本の椿写真集千椿集》. 誠文堂新光社. 写/p.96、文/p.230. 誠文堂新光社.1998.《日本ツバキ.サザンカ名鑑》.p.169.   日本ツバキ協会. 2010. 《最新日本ツバキ図鑑》.  p.57. 愛知產. [花]桃色地に底白、一重、平開咲き、輪芯、中輪、2~4月。[葉]楕円、中形、平坦。[樹]立性、円錐形になる。[来歴]古い品種で名古屋•東山植物園に大樹があり、熊本の御所桜(肥後)は異名同種といわれている。写/桐野、文/佐藤


Flower Size8-10 cm

Blooming Season Japan