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Chuanrong 55

Last Updated:2021/12/3 16:15:52 By:ICR
219

Id:ICR-24693

CountryChina

Year Published/Registered2009

Cultivar Type:For Oil

AGM Type

Scientific Name:Camellia oleifera 'Chuanrong 55'

Chinese Name:川荣 55

Japanese Name

Meaning

Description

» English Description

Chuanrong 55Camellia oleifera. China Forestry Publishing House, 2016. Oil-tea Camellia Cultivars in China, p.452. Yao Xiaohua and Ren Huadong eds. 2020. Oil-tea Camellia Genetic Resource in China. p.332.【Resource number】510321_010_0002;Breeding resources (excellent variety);Oil cultivation, genetic breeding materials. Originated in Rong County, Sichuan Province.【PLANT】Half-opened. Young shoots have hairs. Leaf buds green, have tomentose hairs.【LEAF】young leave green,old leaves deep green,oval in shape. Leaf margins flat,Leaf apex acuminate,Leaf base cuneate,6.8 cm long and 3.3cm wide.【FLOWER】Sepals have hairs,petal in white color,the pistil shorter than the stamen,stigma lobed 3. Ovaries have pubescent.【FRUIT】surface smooth,round sphere,green in color;average weight 25.6g;Ratio of fresh seeds -%;Testa color brown;Kernel oil content 51.2%.【FATTY ACID CONTENT】Oleic acid 70.8%,Linoleic acid 4.5%,Linolenic acid -%.,Stearic acid 1.5%,Palmitic acid 16.1%. Full blooming season Late October;Fruit harvest season Mid-October.

» Chinese Description

川荣-55 Camellia oleifera Chuanrong 55. 中国林业出版社, 2016. 《中国油茶品种志》,p.452。【认定编号】川R-SC-CO-028-2009【品种类别】无性系【选育地】四川荣县【选育单位】荣县林业局【选育过程】2008年以来,一是全面踏查、摸清油茶现存面积和主要品种分布情况,通过走访调查,从油茶的生长立地条件、树形、开花量、结果量、出油率、病虫害等方面初步确定油茶优良单株选取范围。二是对油茶优良单株进行初选,共选出候选优树740株。。三是进行复选。选择单株产量达到和超过相同的产量指标、炭疽病发病率低于相同发病率指标的候选优树为复选优树。四是进行补选。五是进行优树决选。取单株茶果样品,测定出鲜果出籽率、干出籽率、种仁含油率等指标。川荣-55是经过初选、复选和决选,以鲜果出仁率42.13%、种仁含油率4【选育年份】2009

姚小华、任华东主编,2020年《中国油茶遗传资源》第332页。【资源编号】510321_010_0002;选育资源(良种);油用栽培,遗传育种材料。产于四川省荣县。【植株】树姿半开张.嫩枝有绒毛. 叶芽绿色.有绒毛.【叶】嫩叶绿色,老叶深绿色,椭圆形. 叶缘平,先端渐尖,基部楔形,长6.8厘米,宽3.3厘米。【花】萼片有绒毛,花瓣白色,雄蕊比雌蕊高,柱头浅裂. 3裂. 子房有绒毛。【果】表面光滑,圆球形,绿色;平均单果重25.6克;鲜出籽率-%;种皮棕褐色;种仁含油率51.2%。【脂肪酸含量】油酸70.8%,亚油酸4.5%,亚麻酸-%.,硬脂酸1.5%,棕榈酸16.1%。盛花期10月下旬;果熟期10月中旬。

Flower

Flower Size

Blooming Season China

Photos