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Last Updated:2022/8/13 15:40:32 By:wangzhonglang

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Chosen by wangzhonglang


CountryUnited States

Year Published/Registered1847

Cultivar Type:For Ornamental

AGM Type

Scientific Name:Camellia x vernalis 'Hiryū'

Chinese Name:飞龙

Japanese Name:飛龍 ひりゅう

Meaning:Flying Dragon


Fire Dragon Griffiths, 1953, ACS., Quarterly, 8(1):4, 5, 7, 8 with illustration. Synonym for Hiryū.

Flying Dragon Yashiroda, 1950, American Camellia Yearbook, p.28. Synonym for Hiryū.

Heryo Portland Camellia Nursery Catalogue, 1946-1947. Corruption of the Japanese name Hiryū.

Hiro Threlkeld, 1962, The Camellia Book, p.186. Corruption of the Japanese name Hiryū.

Hiryi Hillier Nursery Catalogue, 1949, p.18. Corruption of the Japanese name Hiryū.

13 show +


» English Description

Nakayama, 1847, Senka’ōden, vol.5: Double, deep red with white spots, early flowering. Nihon Shokubutsu Kaisha, 1912-1913: Deep crimson red. Small rose form double, opening into flaring, open blooms with waved and twisted petals. Cold hardy. Originally imported from Japan to USA in 1906 by E. Fenerosa. Mobile, Alabama. Cor­ruptions of Japanese name: ‘Hiryi’, ‘Hiryii’, ‘Herya’, ‘Hiro’, ‘Hyryu’, ‘Hiryx’, ‘Hiryn’. Syn­onyms: ‘Flying Dragon’, ‘Red Bird’, ‘Scarlet Bird’, ‘Scarlet Dragon’. Different readings: ‘Hiryō’, ‘Hiryoh’. There are 3 different kanji characters for this name. See Encyclopedia of Camellias in Colour, vol.I, 1972, p.392. The name was invalidly used in Australia for the cultivar Kanjiro. Sports: Hiryū-nishiki, Hoshihiryū. See Macoboy, 1981, The Colour Dictionary of Camellias, p.174 and Tuyama ,1968, Camellias of Japan, pl.409, p.208 for colour photos.

» Chinese Description

朱國棟、蔡燦玉,2011. 《台灣茶花族譜》,p.126.

Hiryu飞龙(Flying Dragon)。(C.x vernalis)春茶梅。1847。日本关西地区。半重瓣、亮深红色、小中轮、花期11~3月、树性直立、长势强。同种异名:Flying DragonRed BirdScarlet BirdScarlet Dragon。古代名称:绯龙、日龙。突变种:Hoshi-hiryu(星飞龙)。

» Japanese Description


Flower Size6-10 cm

Blooming Season11-3 Month United States