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Home Cultivars Makino-hara-wase

Makino-hara-wase

Last Updated:2021/3/21 23:09:08 By:wangzhonglang
610

Id:ICR-23993

CountryJapan

Year Published/Registered1953

Cultivar Type:For Tea

AGM Type

Scientific Name:C. sinensis 'Makino-hara-wase'

Chinese Name

Japanese Name:牧の原早生 まきのはらわせ

Meaning

Synonym

早生1号 旧系統名:早生1号

茶農林7号 農林認定品種(茶農林7号)

Description

» English Description

Makino-hara-wase. (C. sinensis). Registered in 1953. Selected from original Japanese tea. Use for Japanese green tea. Shizuoka Pref.[Characteristics] Extremely early culticar with strong cold resistance suitable for warm area. Triploid (2n=45). [Breeder] Shozo Kosugi, Shizuoka Prefectural Tea Experiment Station (now Tea Research Center, Shizuoka Agricultural and Forestry Research Institute).  [History] In 1906, Kosugi Shozo's seedling tea garden in Yokooka, Kanaya-cho, Haibara-gun, Shizuoka Prefecture (currently Yokooka, Shimada City) Since then, the Shizuoka Prefectural Tea Industry Research Group (now Shizuoka Prefectural Agricultural and Forestry Research Institute Tea Industry Research Senyuichi) has selected a fast-growing tree and named it No. 1. After that, this was propagated, and the test of various characteristics was conducted at the Tea Industry Department of Shizuoka Agricultural Experiment Station from 1935 under the strain name of Makinohara Sayao, and the superiority was recognized. In 1953, it was registered as Tea Norin 7 and was named'Makino Harase'. [Earlyness] Very early life. The germination period is more than 10 days earlier than'Yabukita' and the plucking period is about 10 days earlier. [Morphological characteristics] Tree shape is intermediate. The tree strength and stock tension are medium. The collection of tea buds during the plucking period is rather good. The number of buds is small and the weight of one hundred buds is a little small. [Cutting rootability] Inferior to'Yabukita'. [Goodness of initial growth] Slightly slow [Method for tailoring young trees] According to'Yabukita'. [Yield] Yield is less than that of'Yabukita' and is moderate. [Quality] The quality of green tea is medium. The shape is not tight and the color is a little shallow. The inside quality is medium with both aroma and light blue, and the nourishment tends to be slightly pale . [Cold resistance] Cold resistance in winter is slightly strong, and laceration type frost damage is strong. [Insect resistance] It is strong in anthrax and ring spot disease. Slightly weak to the scale bug. [Suitable for cultivation] warm area. Because it is a very early cultivar, suitable areas are limited to areas that are not affected by frost damage. [Processing characteristics] Be careful of steaming because the mesophyll is thick. Shizuoka native seedlings.

» Japanese Description

Makino-hara-wase, 牧の原早生 まきのはらわせ       旧系統名:茶農林7,牧の原早生,早生1。公表日:1953煎茶用1953年登録農林認定品種(茶農林7号)。

【農林登録】茶農林7

【品種登録】なし

【特徴】耐寒性が強い温暖地向きの極早生品種。三倍体(2n=45)

【育成者】小杉庄蔵,静岡県茶業試験場(現静岡県農林技術研究所茶業研究センター)

【来歴】1906年に静岡県榛原郡金谷町横岡(現島田市横岡)の小杉庄蔵の実生茶園から静岡県茶業研究会(現静岡県農林技術研究所茶業研究セン夕一)が早生樹を選抜し,早生1号とした。その後これを増殖して牧之原早生の系統名で1935年から静岡県農事試験場茶業部で諸特性の検定試験が行なわれ,優秀性が認められた。1953年に茶農林7号に登録,まきのはらわせと命名された。

【早晩性】極早生。萌芽期はやぶきたよりも10日以上早ぐ摘採期も10日前後早い。

【形態的特性】樹姿は中間型。樹勢,株張りは中。摘採期の茶芽の揃いはやや良。芽数は少なく,百芽重もやや小である。

【挿し木発根性】やぶきたより劣る。

【初期生育の良否】やや遅い

【幼木の仕立て法】やぶきたに準ずる。

【収量性】収量はやぶきたよりも少なく中程度。

【品質】煎茶品質は中。形状の締まりが悪く、色沢はやや浅い。内質は香気,水色ともに中,滋味はやや淡白になる傾向がある。.

【耐寒性】冬期の耐寒性はやや強,裂傷型凍害には強0

【耐病虫性】炭疽病にやや強,輪斑病に強である。クワシロカイガラムシにはやや弱い。

【栽培適地】暖地,温暖地。極早生品種のため適地は晚霜害を受けない地域に限られる。

【加工特性】葉肉が厚いので,蒸しに注意する。

Flower

Flower Size

Blooming Season Japan

Photos