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Beni-tachi-wase

Last Updated:2021/3/18 22:34:56 By:wangzhonglang
359

Id:ICR-24000

CountryJapan

Year Published/Registered1953

Cultivar Type:For Tea

Scientific Name:Camellia sinensis var. assamica 'Beni-tachi-wase'

Chinese Name

Japanese Name:紅橘早生 べにたちわせ

Meaning

Synonym

鹿アッサム交配16号 旧系統名:鹿アッサム交配16号

茶農林14号 農林認定品種(茶農林14号)

Description

» English Description

Beni-tachi-wase. (C. sinensis var. assamica). Registered in 1953. Cross combination: Ai2 x Nka01. Use for Black tea. Kagoshima Pref.

[Agriculture registration] Tea Norin 14

[Product registration] None

[Characteristics] Extremely upright, very early-ripening variety with mild aroma and delicacy as black tea.

[Developer] Kagoshima Prefectural Tea Experiment Station (Kagoshima Prefectural Agricultural Development Center Tea Industry Department)

[Origin] In 1934, at the Kagoshima Prefectural Agricultural Experiment Station, mating was carried out with the introduced species Ai26 from India as the mother and the native species NkaOl from Kagoshima as the father, and selected in 1939 from the seedling group. From 1942 to 1952, it was used for a test for determining excellent black tea trees, and it was named as Deer Assam Mating No. 16 because of its superiority. In 1953, it was registered as Tea Norin 14 and was named'Penitachisase'.

[Earlyness] Very early life. The germination period is 10 to 14 days earlier than'Yabukita'. Plucking period is more than 10 days earlier than'Yabukita'.

[Morphological characteristics] The tree is extremely upright, with strong tree vigor and growing stock. The collection of tea buds during the plucking period is rather good. Slightly high bud variety with a large number of buds and a large hundred bud weight.

[Cutting rooting] Good.

[Good or bad initial growth] Good.

[How to tailor young trees] The first pruning is performed at a position slightly lower than that of'Yabukita'. Since it is extremely upright and easy to rise, it is tailored to promote branching during the juvenile period.

[Yield] Medium. It's equivalent to'I'm so happy', less than'Yabukita'.

[Quality] The quality of black tea is rather good. The water color is bright red and slightly pale, and the aroma is mild. Its astringency is slightly astringent and refreshing. Fermentability is good.

[Cold resistance] Cold resistance in winter is slightly weak. It is weak against laceration type frost damage.

[Insect resistance] Strong against anthrax and ring spot disease. Slightly strong against the scale bug.

[Suitable for cultivation] A warm area in Kyushu and Shikoku where there is no frost damage.

[Processing characteristics] Black tea quality is straightforward and is more suitable for blending than alone.

» Japanese Description

Beni-tachi-wase, 紅橘早生     べにたちわせ       旧系統名:鹿アッサム交配16号。公表日:1953紅茶用1953年登録農林認定品種(茶農林14号)交配組:Ai2×NkaO1。鹿児島県

【農林登録】茶農林14

【品種登録】なし

【特徴】紅茶としての香気,滋味が穏和な極直立性の極早生品種。

【育成者】鹿児島県茶業試験場(鹿児島県農業開発総合センター茶業部)

【来歴】1934年に鹿児島県農事試験場においてインドからの導入種Ai26を母,鹿児島県の在来種NkaOlを父とtた交配が行なわれ,その実生群から1939年に選抜された。19421952年まで紅茶優良原樹決定試験に供試され,優秀性が認められて鹿アッサム交配16号と名付けられた。1953年に茶農林14号に登録され,ぺにたちわせと命名された。

【早晩性】極早生。萌芽期はやぶきたよりも1014日早い。摘採期もやぶきたより10日以上早。

【形態的特性】樹姿は極直立型で,樹勢は強,株張り中である。摘採期の茶芽の揃いはやや良。芽数はやや多,百芽重は大のやや芽重型品種。

【挿し木発根性】良好。

【初期生育の良否】良好。

【幼木の仕立て法】初回の剪枝はやぶきたよりもやや低い位置で行なう。極直立で裾上がりしやすいので,幼木期は分枝を促すような仕立てを行なう。

【収量性】中。やぶきたよりも少なぐべにほまれと同等。

【品質】紅茶品質はやや良。水色は鮮紅色でややうすく,香気は芳香温和である。滋味は渋味がやや少なくさっぱりとしている。発酵性はやや良。

【耐寒性】冬期の耐寒性はやや弱。裂傷型凍害には弱。

【耐病虫性】炭疽病に強,輪斑病に強である。クワシロカイガラムシにはやや強。

【栽培適地】九州,四国の暖地で晚霜害のない所。

【加工特性】紅茶品質は素直で,単独よりもプレンドに適する。


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