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Qionghai No.1

Last Updated:2021/10/29 10:45:22 By:wangzhonglang
108

Id:ICR-25614

CountryChina

Year Published/Registered2020

Cultivar Type:For Oil

Scientific Name:Camellia oleifera 'Qionghai No.1'

Chinese Name:琼海1号

Japanese Name

Meaning

Description

» English Description

Yao Xiaohua and Ren Huadong eds. 2020. Oil-tea Camellia Genetic Resource in China. p.714.【Resource number】469002-010-0001;Wild resources (special individual plant);Oil cultivation, genetic breeding materials. Originated in Qionghai City, Hainan Province.【PLANT】Half open. Young shoots have hairs. Leaf buds yellow-green, without tomentose hairs.【LEAF】young leave red,old leaves dark green,oval in shape. Leaf margins wavy,Leaf apex obtuse,Leaf base cuneate,6.4 cm long and 3.3cm wide.【FLOWER】Sepals have hairs,petal in white color,the pistil shorter than the stamen,stigma Split 3. Ovaries Have pubescent.【FRUIT】surface Chaff,round sphere,red, Teal in color;average weight 43.95g;Ratio of fresh seeds 40.23%;Testa color Sepia;Kernel oil content 33.7%.【FATTY ACID CONTENT】Oleic acid 75%,Linoleic acid 10.3%,Linolenic acid 0.2%.,Stearic acid 3.1%,Palmitic acid 11%. Full blooming season 1Early January;Fruit harvest season Early October.

» Chinese Description

姚小华、任华东主编,2020年《中国油茶遗传资源》第714页。【资源编号】469002-010-0001;野生资源(特异单株);油用栽培,遗传育种材料。产于海南省琼海市。【植株】树姿半开张.嫩枝有绒毛. 叶芽黄绿色.无绒毛.【叶】嫩叶红色,老叶深绿色,椭圆形. 叶缘波状,先端钝尖,基部楔形,长6.4厘米,宽3.3厘米。【花】萼片有绒毛,花瓣白色,雄蕊比雌蕊高,柱头中裂. 3裂. 子房有绒毛。【果】表面糠秕,圆球形,红色、青色;平均单果重43.95克;鲜出籽率40.23%;种皮棕褐色;种仁含油率33.7%。【脂肪酸含量】油酸75%,亚油酸10.3%,亚麻酸0.2%.,硬脂酸3.1%,棕榈酸11%。盛花期11月上旬;果熟期10月上旬。
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