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Xianglin 10

Last Updated:2021/11/8 20:04:31 By:wangzhonglang

Type Image

Chosen by Don Bergamini



Year Published/Registered1998

Cultivar Type:For Oil

AGM Type

Scientific Name:Camellia oleifera 'Xianglin 10'

Chinese Name:湘林10号

Japanese Name



» English Description

Oil Tea Camellia Superior Germplasm Resources, 2008, editor in chief by Chen Yonzhong, p.83. Bred by Hunan Academy of Forestry in 1990, passed the identification in 1998 by Hunan Academy of Forestry registration, and listed as national excellent cultivar, the Certification Number: Xiang S9678-CO2. Plant vigorous, crown rotund, foliage dense. Leaves elliptic, apex acuminate, margin serrate or crenate, 4.0-6.6 cm long, 3.5 cm wide. Flowering early, usually in late October to late December, white, dimeter 5.0-6.5 cm, petals 5, obcordate. Fruit mature in late October, spherical or ovate, reddish yellow, diameter 30-40 mm, 15-30 among of fruit weighted 500g, loci 2-3. Average 46.60% -55.59% seed weight in each fresh fruit. The average rate of oil reached 51.88% from the kernel, and 8.8%-9.6% from fresh fruit, 35%-40% from dry seeds. Average oil yield 641.3 kg/hm2.

» Chinese Description

湘林10陈永忠主编,2008年,《油茶优良种质资源》第 83 页。【培育单位】湖南省林业科学院,【选育年份】1990,【审定年份】1998,【良种号】S9678-CO2由湖南省林业科学院于1990年选育出来的优良无性系。1998年通过湖南省良种审定,证书号为:湘S9678-CO2。树体中型,树冠较紧凑,自然圆头形;叶椭圆形,先端渐尖,边缘有细锯齿或钝齿,长4.06.6cm,宽3.5 cm左右,叶面较粗糙;花期稍早,湖南通常于10月中下旬至12月中下旬开花,花白色,直径5.06.5cm,花瓣倒心形,5瓣;果实成熟期10月中下旬,果实球形或桃形,黄红色,果径3040mm,每500g果数1530个,心室23个,果皮薄,粒较大。鲜出籽率46.60%55.59%,种仁含油率51.88%,干籽含油率35%40%,果油率8.8%9.6%,产油量为641.3kg/hm2


Flower Size

Blooming Season China