International Camellia Register
Home Cultivars Anemoniflora


Last Updated:2023/4/30 9:36:38 By:wangzhonglang

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Chosen by Yves CHAPEL



Year Published/Registered1814

Cultivar Type:For Ornamental

AGM Type

Scientific Name:Camellia japonica 'Anemoniflora'

Chinese Name:宝珠

Japanese Name:アネモネフロ-ラー あねもねふろ-ら-



Anemoflora  Azalea and Camellia Society of America Yearbook, 1933, p.22, 30. Orthographic error for Amenoniflora.

Anemonae Flora  Fendig, 1953, American Camellia Catalogue. Orthographic variant for Anemoniflora.

Anemonaeflora  Loddige’s, 1818, Botanical Cabinet, pt.11, p.13. Orthographic variant for Anemoniflora.

Anemone Flora  Paxton, 1831-1832, Horticultural Register. Orthographic variant for Anemoni­flora.

Anemone Flora (Warata)  Joseph Parmentier, 1818, Catalogue des arbres et plantes cultivées..., p.15. Synonym for Anemoniflora.

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» English Description

Curtis, 1814, Botanical Magazine; Aiton, 1812, Hortus Kewensis as ‘Anemone-flowered’: First brought to England from China in 1806, it was described and illus­trated in a great many horticultural publications of the time. The flower is the prototype of the "anemone forms with 5-6 large, outer guard petals with emarginate apices and a central cush­ion of ligulate petaloids, 7.5-8 cm across. Colour turkey red, becoming very dark in some condi­tions. Buds, round, developing dark brown, leathery edges to the scales. Leaves, dark green, glossy, broadly-elliptic to very broadly-ovate margins shallowly serrate, apices short acumi­nate. Habit is open, vigorous and spreading. Its old Chinese name of ‘Po Chu Cha’ is written as ‘Baozhu Cha’ in Pinyin transliteration system and translates as "Precious Pearl Camellia". Because its sexual parts are reduced to the pistil only, it was much used as a seed parent by such early Camellia hybridists as Chandler of England and Macarthur of Australia, so that, genera­tions later, its genes have flowed into hundreds of modern cultivars. Synonyms include: ‘Waratah’, ‘Anemoniflora Waratah’, ‘Mrs Sol Runyon’, ‘Honey Comb’, ‘Waratah Ancien’, ‘Waratah Purpurea’, ‘Waratah Sinensis’, and erroneously as ‘Red Waratah’. Orthographic variants and errors include: ‘Anemonae Flora’, ‘Anemonaeflora’, ‘Anemoneflora’, ‘Anemone Flora’, ‘Anemoflora’, ‘Anemone-flowered’, ‘Anemonaeflora (Waratah)’,’Anemoninaeflora’.

» Chinese Description

朱國棟、蔡燦玉,2011. 《台灣茶花族譜》,p.13.

Anemoniflora 宝珠       C.japonica     Anemoniflora宝珠(C.japonica)红山茶。1814,英国。单瓣唐子、土耳其红暗红色、花56枚、中轮(7.58cm)、树性横张、蓬松、长势强。1806年,中国古品种茶花’宝珠茶' 传入英国,由于其繁殖性优良,因此当时的茶花育种专家Chandler(英国)、Macarthur(澳大利亚)都使用它来育种,之后产生的现代品种数以百计。

同种异名:Anemoniflora WaratahHoneycombMrs Sol RunyonWaratahWaratah Ancien 。 古名宝珠(Baozhu)

Anemoniflora (火舞)一新竹市茶花产销班目录,2002-2006, p.48, A28.

» Japanese Description

文化出版局. 1975. 《現代椿名鑑》. P246.  中国→イギリス. []濃いクリムズン(紫に近い深紅色、唐子咲き、中輪、4月。[]広楕円形で葉先は鋭尖頭。鋸歯は粗いが鋭くない。

日本の南蛮紅の葉に似ている。 「樹」強健でよく育つ。立性。[来歴]


Flower Size7.5-8 cm

Blooming Season4-4 Month Australia