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Chalmer's Perfection

Last Updated:2019/4/10 9:11:17 By:wangzhonglang

Type Image

Chosen by Gianmario Motta


CountryUnited States

Year Published/Registered1846

Cultivar Type:For Ornamental

AGM Type

Scientific Name:Camellia japonica 'Chalmer's Perfection'

Chinese Name

Japanese Name



Chalmer's  van Houtte, 1846-1847, Catalogue, 27:21, 29, as a synonym for Chalmer’s Perfection.

Chalmer's Perfecta  van Houtte, July,1846, Flore des Serres,...vol.2, p.125, pl.V. Orthographic variant for Chalmer’s Perfection.

Perfecta (Chalmer's)  van Houtte Catalogue, 1846-1947, 27:29. Synonym for Chalmer’s Perfection.

Perfecta Chalmer  Auguste van Geert Nursery Catalogue, 1848, p.20. Synonym for Chalmer’s Perfection.

Perfecta Chalmers  Jacob Makoy et Cie Nursery Catalogue, 1849, p.20. Synonym for Chalmer’s Perfection.

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» English Description

van Houtte, 1846-1847, Catalogue, 27:21, 29; and Flore des Serres,... vol.2, p.125, pl.V as ‘Chalmer’s Perfecta’: Imported from the USA to Europe by Louis van Houtte. The bush is erect, well branched from the top to the bottom, leaves quite small, ovate sublanceolate, acuminate, of a good green with veins of a paler tint and wide spaced serrations. The buds are ovate-spherical, solidly attached, with scales of greenish brown. The flowers, 9-10 cm in diameter, have numerous petals, imbricated with regularity and decreasing in size from the circumference to the centre and are of a bright rose with tenuous veins of a deeper colour. Sometimes, on opening, they are a pale rose bordered with bright rose which dims with the age of the bloom. The flowers are technically called a “perfection”. Franchetti, 1855, Collezione di Camelie, p.19 describes it as “dark red and pale pink, small petals, rounded, often those at the circumference, cherry red, and those of the centre almost white, very beautifully imbricated.” while van Houtte Catalogue, 1846-1847, 29:21 has “Perfectly imbricated, very slender petals, sometimes dark rose, sometimes very soft rose, rounded and overlapping, graceful and unusu­ally spotted white. During the second flowering period, the centre petals open quite white while the outer petals remain a vivid cerise.” According to Rubel, 1957 Camellian, 8(4):21: This was originated by Chalmers, gardener to Mr George Pepper, Chestnut St., Philadelphia, USA and seen by C.M. Hovey of Boston in 1830. Van Houtte also says it bears the name of its origina­tor. Therefore, for all its similarity, it appears to be a different cultivar to Chalmeri Perfecta which was said to have been originated by Peter Raabe. Orthographic variants: ‘Chalmer’s Per­fecta’, ‘Perfecta’(Chalmer). Synonyms: ‘Perfecta’, ‘Chalmer’s’, ‘Perfetta Chalmers’. Ortho­graphic errors: ‘Perfetta Calmer’, ‘Perfection’ (Palmer’s), ‘Perfection Palmer’s’.


Flower Size

Blooming Season United States