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Kumagai

Last Updated:2022/6/23 11:59:28 By:wangzhonglang
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Id:ICR-10196

CountryJapan

Year Published/Registered1830

Cultivar Type:For Ornamental

AGM Type

Scientific Name:Camellia 'Kumagai'

Chinese Name:熊谷

Japanese Name:熊谷 くまがい

Meaning:Hero in a Kabuki Drama

Synonym

Buzōji-no-ōtsubaki (Buzōji Large Camellia), (C.japonica), Encyclopedia of Camellias in Colour, vol.I, 1972, p.367: A particular name for the old camellia in Chinkazan. Buzōji is in Buzō, ōaza, Chinkushi-gun, Chinushino-shō, Fuku’oka Prefecture, being an old temple, said to be a relic of Hannyaji, Kyōshū’s oldest temple. (7th Century). This camellia is actually the old cultivar Kumagai and has a trunk of 80 cm girth, 50 cm above the ground and is considered to be over 500 years old.

Hero in a Kabuki Drama Camellias, Y.C. Shen, 2009, p.137 with colour photo; This is a description of the valid personal name Kumagai, and does not become a synonym.

Higo-kumagai Watanabe, 1970, Kyōto Engei Kurabu, Tsubaki Tokushū, No.10, p.125. Synonym for the Higo camellia Kumagai.

Kumagaye-tsubaki Joshua Condor, 1893, Landscape Gardening of Japan, p.117. Synonym for Kumagai.

Kumgai Watanabe, 1970, Kyōto Engei Kurabu, Tsubaki Tokushū, No.10, p.141. Orthographic error for Kumagai.

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Description

» English Description

Uekiya Bunsuke Hikki,1830. No description. Taniguchi, 1912, Chinka Kyōkan: Single, very large, deep red, large stamen cluster. Adachi, 1960, Camellia. Its Appreciation & Artistic Arrangement, p.72: Flower, dark red, 13 cm across, 5-7 petals. Stamens fully opened, white. Leaf, very large, ovate elliptic. Occasionally petaloids appear. Hiratsuka, Taizō, 1964, Higo Camellia, pp.13, 32: Dark crimson, 13 cm across, 5-7 petals white stamens in a spreading circle. Encyclopedia of Camellias in Colour, pl.11, p.42 has Kumagai from Kansai and Kumamoto. This and the previous camellia seem somewhat similar. Orthographic error: ‘Kumgai’. Different reading: ‘Kumagaya’. Synonym: ‘Higo-kumagai’. See: Seibundō Shinkōsha, 1979, Senchinshū, pp.124, 240.

» Chinese Description

熊谷,くまがい'Kumagai'C. japonica),陈丽惠2013年《山茶花谱台湾情》第184页,【花】:深红、梅蕊、單瓣、大輪、中生。【葉】橢圓、大型。立性、 強健。別名光明"、江戸時代稱為"朝鮮椿"

高继银、苏玉华、胡羡聪,2007. 《国内外茶花名种识别与欣赏》,第131页。日本爱知县一带,属肥厚茶(Hi-go)类。花黑红色,花心的小花瓣为粉红色,单瓣型,大到巨型花,最大花径可达13cm,花瓣5〜7枚,宽圆,边缘外翻,厚肉质,花心金黄色雄蕊散射,偶有瓣化小花瓣形成,簇拥呈团状,花朵稀疏。叶片浓绿色,长椭圆形,波曲,光亮,植株立性,生长旺盛。

朱國棟、蔡燦玉,2011. 《台灣茶花族譜》,p.155.

Kumagai 熊谷(Hero in a Kabuki Drama)(C. japonica)红山茶。1941,日本京都(关西)。此品种可能与中国产的原种茶,浙江红花油茶有极大的关联。单瓣、平开碟型、浓朱红色、花 瓣57枚、梅蕊、大轮(1113cm)、树性直立、长势强。别名:Komyo (光明);江户时期古名:Chosen-tsubaki (朝鲜椿)

Kumagai (库玛)一新竹市茶花产销斑目录,2002-2006, p.59, K24.叙述错误。

» Japanese Description

講談社 1975年 《現代椿集》 P.293.    保育社 .1974《つばき》安藤芳顕著 p.213. 文化出版局. 1975. 《現代椿名鑑》. P.108.   淡交社.1989. 《日本の椿花》.p223. 誠文堂新光社.1998.《日本ツバキ.サザンカ名鑑》.p.209. 日本ツバキ協会. 2010. 《最新日本ツバキ図鑑》 p.81. 関西產. []濃朱紅色、一重、平開咲き、梅芯、大輪、4月。[]楕円、大形。肉厚 []立性、強い。[来歴]中国産の浙江紅花油茶に由来するとの説がある、京都の宝鏡寺など各地に古木が多い、江戸時代の名は朝鮮茶、三倍体品種。写/桐野、文/山ロ三


Flower

Flower Size10-13 cm

Blooming Season Japan

Photos