International Camellia Register
Home Cultivars Baozhu Cha

Baozhu Cha

Last Updated:2021/9/29 15:18:04 By:wangzhonglang

Type Image

Chosen by wangzhonglang



Year Published/Registered1621

Cultivar Type:For Ornamental

Scientific Name:Camellia reticulata 'Baozhu Cha'

Chinese Name:宝珠茶

Japanese Name

Meaning:Noble Pearl


Hōju-cha Shimada & Ono, 1759, Kai, vol.6. Yashiro, 1841, Kokon Yōrankō, vol.306. The Japanese reading for the Chinese C.reticulata Baozhu Cha.Different reading ‘Hōshu-cha’.

Hōshu-cha Different reading for ‘Hōju-cha’. Synonym for the Chinese Baozhu Cha.

Jewellery Lammerts, 1950, American Camellia Yearbook, p.10. Synonym for Baozhu Cha.

Jewelry Butterfield, 1952, American Camellia Yearbook. Orthographic variant for 'Jewellery', syn­onym for Baozhu Cha.

Noble Pearl Peer, SCCS., Bulletin, 1949, 11(2):11. Western synonym for Baozhu Cha.

7 show +


» English Description

Wang, Xianjin, 1621, Qunfang pu, (Thesaurus of Botany); Yü, T.T., 1950, RHS, Camellias and Magnolias Conference Report as ‘Paochucha’; Feng et al., 1986, Yunnan Camel­lias of China, p.93, colour plate and description: Leaves large, thick, broad-ovate to oblong­ovate, apices short-acute or acuminate, bases rounded or broad-cuneate, veins deeply sunken, 7-11 cm long by 4.5-6.5 cm wide. Flowers bright purplish red (RHS,CC,53B), 12-14 cm across. Petals about 30 in 4-5 whorls, outer 2 whorls flat, inner whorls folded or basally connate, form­ing a spherical corolla. Stamens numerous, divided into 4-6 groups by curved petals. Pistils rudimentary. This cultivar is similar to Dataohong but differs in thicker leaves, larger petals, and more raised flower centre. The variety originated in Kunming, Yunnan, China and flowers mid-season. There is a tree at Shidong Temple, Fengqing County with an estimated age of 150 years or over. Western Synonym: ‘Noble Pearl’. It received an RHS “Award of Merit” in 1963 under the name ‘Paochucha’. Different reading: ‘Pao-chu-ch´a’. Sport: ‘Noble Pearl Varie­gated’.

» Chinese Description

管开云、李纪元、王仲朗主编,2014. 《中国茶花图鉴》, p.235.


性状描述花红色,牡丹型,大到巨型花,花径12~14 cm,花瓣约30枚,宽圆形,4~5轮排列,外二轮花瓣平伸,内轮曲折卷旋,形成圆球形花冠,雄蕊多,分4~6束夹生于曲折卷旋的花瓣中,雌蕊退化,不结实,花量稠密。叶片绿色,宽卵圆形至长椭圆状卵圆形,长7~11cm,宽4.4~6.5cm,先端短急尖或渐尖,基部钝圆或宽楔形,叶片宽大,脉纹明显;植株开展。花期:2月上旬至3月下旬。


朱國棟、蔡燦玉,2011. 《台灣茶花族譜》,p.21

Baozhu Cha  宝珠茶(Noble Pearl)       C.reticulata       Baozhu Cha 宝珠茶(Noble Pearl) (C.reticulata)云南茶。1621,中国,云南昆明。松牡丹牡丹、亮浓红色、大巨大(1214cm)、花瓣约2730枚、45重轮列,割蕊状、4~5束、雌蕊退化、扁平、无法结果;花期23月。此品种很像大桃红、只是大桃红的叶子较厚、花瓣多、花蕊比较突出。同种异名:JewelleryNoble Pearl (宝珠茶)、Precious Pearl CamelliaRed Jewellery 。突变种:Noble Pearl Variegated

宝珠茶一新竹市茶花产销班目录,2002-2006, p.72, No.90.

» Japanese Description

中国科学院昆明植物研究所 1981 「雲南のツバキ」p. 138. 葉 卵形か長楕円状卵形。長さ7-11cm,幅4.4〜6.5cm。先端は短急銳形か銳先形で,基部は鈍円形か広いくさび形。葉脈は深く くぼむ。葉身は大きく,平たい。銷歯はまばらにっき,浅い。

花形はボタン形。花色は輝きのある濃赤色(R.H.S.C.C. 53B)。花径は12〜14cm。花弁は27〜30枚あり,4〜5重の輪状に配列する。外方の弁は弁の先がわずかに波曲する。内方の弁は外側に折れ,両端は外側に巻き込み,弁の下部女〜+が2〜3枚ごとに癒合し,直立する。円球形の花冠をっくる。雄ずいは多い。4〜5個の束に分かれて,内方の弁の間にはさまる。雌ずいは退化していて,扁平状などさまざまな形になる。