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Xianglin 34

Last Updated:2021/11/8 20:15:46 By:wangzhonglang



Year Published/Registered1998

Cultivar Type:For Oil

AGM Type

Scientific Name:Camellia oleifera 'Xianglin 34'

Chinese Name:湘林34号

Japanese Name



» English Description

Oil Tea Camellia Superior Germplasm Resources, 2008, editor in chief by Chen Yonzhong, p.89. Bred by Hunan Academy of Forestry in 1990, passed the identification in 1998 by Hunan Academy of Forestry registration, and listed as national excellent cultivar, the Certification Number: Xiang S9646-CO2. Plant vigorous, crown rotund. Leaves elliptic, apex acuminate, margin serrate or crenate, 4.0-6.5 cm long, 3.2 cm wide, glabrous. Flowering usually in late October to late December, white, dimeter 5.5-7.0 cm, petals 5, obcordate. Fruit mature in late October, ovate or olive shape, reddish green or yellowish green, diameter 30-35 mm, 25-45 among of fruit weighted 500g, loci 3-4. Average 47 % -52.0% seed weight in each fresh fruit, 43.53% kernel weight in each dry fruit. The average rate of oil reached 36%-41.5% from dry seeds, and 11.0%-12.0% from fresh fruit. Average oil yield 1021.35 kg/hm2, average fruit yield 2.182 kg/m2.

» Chinese Description

湘林34陈永忠主编,2008年,《油茶优良种质资源》第 89 页。【培育单位】湖南省林业科学院,【选育年份】1990,【审定年份】1998,【良种号】S9646-CO2由湖南省林业科学院于1990年选育出来的优良无性系。1998年通过湖南省良种审定,证书号为:湘S9646-CO2。树冠自然圆头形;叶椭圆形,先端渐尖,边缘有细锯齿或钝齿,长4.06.5cm,宽3.2cm左右,叶面光滑;湖南通常于10月下旬至12月下旬开花,花白色,直径5.57.0cm,花瓣倒心形,5瓣;果实成熟期10月下旬,果桃形、卵形或橄榄形,青红或青黄色,果径3035mm,每500g果数2545个,心室34个,鲜出籽率47%52.0%,干出仁率43.53%,干籽含油率36%41.5%,鲜果含油率11.0%12.0%。单位冠幅产果量为2.182kg/m2,产油量为1021.35kg/hm2,比参试无性系平均值增幅65%


Flower Size

Blooming Season China