International Camellia Register
ICR
Home Cultivars Kyō-midori

Kyō-midori

Last Updated:2021/3/21 23:09:48 By:wangzhonglang
512

Id:ICR-24005

CountryJapan

Year Published/Registered1954

Cultivar Type:For Tea

AGM Type

Scientific Name:Camellia sinensis 'Kyō-midori'

Chinese Name:京绿

Japanese Name:京緑 きょうみどり

Meaning

Synonym

京研172号 旧系統名:京研172号

茶農林19号 農林認定品種(茶農林19号)

Description

» English Description

Kyō-midori. (C. sinensis). Registered in 1954. Selected from seedlings of original Japanese tea in Uji. Use for Gyokuro, powdered green tea. Kyoto Pref..

[Agriculture registration] Tea Norin 19

[Product registration] None

[Features] Gyokuro varieties suitable for hand-picking made by nature.

[Developer] Kyoto Prefectural Tea Research Institute

[Origin] In 1939, it was selected from the Uji Native Tea Garden, which was about 100 years old, and after being subjected to a candidate primary tree performance comparison test (strain comparison test), it was registered as a forest in 1954. The old strain name is "Kyoken 172".

[Early drowsiness] A mesozoic species that has a germination period that is about 7 days earlier than'Yabukita' and a plucking period that is about 2 days earlier.

[Morphological characteristics] The tree is extremely upright, the tree vigor is medium, and the stock is a little small. The most sprouted tea shoots are rather small, the leaf color is green, and the leaf quality is good. When shaded, the leaf color is dark green and rich in luster. The leaf edge is slightly wavy in the adult leaf, and the leaf veins are slightly bent inward with the vein as the center line. The branches have slightly short internodes and are slightly thick.

[Cutting rooting] Although it is in the middle, there are individual differences in the reproductive power in the summer, and the growth of shoots tends to be uneven.

[Good or bad initial growth] Good growth in the young tree stage, but uneven growth is likely to occur

[How to make young trees] It is recommended to use double-row planting because the plant tension is small. In addition, it is recommended that the pruning position during the juvenile period is not lowered so much that it is made larger. It is not suitable for picking and tailoring because its regeneration power in summer is weak and the mother stem and mature leaves tend to be small.

[Yield] Slightly low. The shoots are small, the stems are thin, and the yield structure is likely to be the number of shoots.

[Quality] As a gama, its shape is easy to twist, and its color and flavor are excellent. It has an excellent flavor as a tea.

[Cold resistance] Strong against red dying, weak against laceration type frost damage.

[Insect resistance] Slightly weak for anthrax, medium for ring spot disease.

[Area suitable for cultivation] Since the germination period is early, an area with a low risk of frost damage is desirable. In addition, since it is vulnerable to laceration type frost damage, it is necessary to protect against the cold during the juvenile period. If you carefully prepare the cover and take measures against late frost, you will be strongly shielded from light at an early stage. It has a slightly viscous soil and grows well. It is a very upright tree. It is difficult to secure the plant tension, but it is better to grow it by double-row planting to compensate for the defect or to make it larger without deepening the branches.

[Processing characteristics] The first tea shoots are relatively small, and gyokuro has a good shape

» Chinese Description

京绿  (Kyō-midori )   きょうみどり, 玉露碾茶用1954年登録農林認定品種(茶農林19号)。从京都宇治实生苗选育。

[农业登录]茶农林19号

[产品注册]无

[特点]适合自然采摘的九郎品种。

[开发商]京都府立茶研究所

[产地] 1939年,它从具有100年历史的宇治本地茶园中选出,并通过了候选的主要树木性能比较测试(菌​​株比较测试),并于1954年注册为森林。旧菌株名称为“ Kyoken 172”。

[早期嗜睡]一种中生种,其发芽期比“ Yabukita”早7天,而采摘期则早2天。

[形态特征]该树非常直立,该树的生命力中等,种群较小。出芽最多的茶芽很小,叶子颜色为绿色,叶子质量良好。着色后,叶子颜色为深绿色且光泽丰富。在成年叶片中,叶片边缘略呈波浪状,并且叶片的静脉以静脉为中心线略微向内弯曲。分支的节间略短,且稍粗。

[生根]中等,但夏季的生殖能力存在个体差异,并且枝条的生长趋于不均匀。

[初期生长的好坏]幼树期生长良好,但可能会出现生长不均

[幼苗培育]由于植物张力小,建议使用双行种植。另外,建议不要将幼年期的修剪位置降低得太多,以免变大。它不适合采摘和剪裁,因为它在夏季的再生能力很弱,并且母株和成熟的叶子往往很小。

[收率]略低。芽小,茎细,产量结构可能是芽的数量。

[质量]作为伽马,其形状易于扭曲,并且颜色和风味极佳。它具有极佳的茶味。

[耐寒性]抗寒性强,抗裂伤型霜冻弱。

[抗虫性]炭疽病稍弱,环斑病中等。

[适合耕作的区域]由于发芽期较早,因此希望霜冻破坏风险低的区域。另外,由于其易受撕裂型霜冻的损害,因此有必要在少年时期防止寒冷。当精心准备覆盖物并完善防晚霜措施时,尽早进行强力遮阴,则可能会延迟新芽的生长,因此分阶段进行遮阴。它的土壤略带粘性,生长良好。它是一棵非常直立的树,很难保证植物的张力,但最好通过双行种植来弥补缺陷,或者通过增大其粗度而不加深树枝来生长。

[加工特性]初生茶芽比较小,做玉露茶形状好

» Japanese Description

京緑  (Kyō-midori )   きょうみどり   旧系統名:京研172号。公表日:1954。 玉露碾茶用1954年登録農林認定品種(茶農林19号)宇治在来種実生

【農林登録】茶農林19

【品種登録】なし

【特徴】自然仕立ての手摘みに向く玉露用品種。

育成者】京都府立茶業研究所

【来歴】1939年に樹齢約100年の宇治在来種茶園から選抜され,候補原樹性能比較試験(系統比較試験)を経て,1954年に典林登録された。旧系統名は京研172

【早晚性】萌芽期はやぶきたより7日程度早く,摘採期は2日程度早い中生種。

【形態的特性】樹姿は極直立型,樹勢は中,株張りはやや小。一番茶新芽はやや小型で,葉色は緑,葉質は歎。遮光下で葉色は濃緑色を呈し光沢に富む。成葉は,葉縁がやや波打ち,葉脈を中心線としてやや内折れとなる。枝条は節間がやや短く,やや太い。

【挿し木発根性】中であるが,夏季の再生力に個体差が見られ,新芽の伸長は不揃いの傾向がある。

【初期生育の良否】幼木期の生育は良好だが,生育に不揃いを生じやすい

【幼木の仕立て法】株張りが小さいことから,複条植えにするとよい。また,幼木期の剪枝位置はあまり低くせず,大形に仕立てるとよい。夏季の再生力が弱く母茎や成葉が小型になりやすいので,觀摘み仕立てには不向き。

【収量性】やや少。新芽が小型で茎が細く,芽数型の収量構成になりやすい。

【品質】玉磨として,形状は細よれしやすく,色沢,香味ともに優良である。碾茶としても香味に優れる。

【耐寒性】赤枯れに対して強,裂傷型凍害には弱。

【耐病虫性】炭疽病にやや弱,輪斑病に中。

【栽培適地】萌芽期が早いことから,晚霜害リスクの小さい地域が望ましい。また,裂傷型凍害に弱いので,幼木期の防寒が必要である。被覆の準備を周到に行ない,晩霜対策を万全にする一方,早期に強い遮光をすると.新芽の生長が滞りやすいので,段階的に遮光する。やや粘質の土性で生育が良い。極直立型の樹姿であり.株張りを確保しにくいが,複条植えにして欠点を補うか,剪枝を深くせず大形に仕立てるほうが生育は良い。

【加工特性】一番茶新芽は比較的小さく,玉露では形状がよく.

Flower

Flower Size

Blooming Season Japan

Photos