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Xianglin 53

Last Updated:2021/11/8 20:26:33 By:wangzhonglang



Year Published/Registered1998

Cultivar Type:For Oil

AGM Type

Scientific Name:Camellia oleifera 'Xianglin 53'

Chinese Name:湘林53号

Japanese Name



» English Description

Oil Tea Camellia Superior Germplasm Resources, 2008, editor in chief by Chen Yonzhong, p.96. Bred by Hunan Academy of Forestry in 1990, passed the identification in 1998 by Hunan Academy of Forestry registration, and listed as national excellent cultivar, the Certification Number: Xiang S9654-CO2. Plant vigorous, crown rotund. Leaves elliptic, apex acuminate, margin serrate or crenate, 4.0-6.5 cm long, 2.5-3.2 cm wide, glabrous. Flowering early, usually in early October to late December, white, dimeter 5.0-7.0 cm, petals 7-8, obcordate. Fruit mature in late October, spherical, reddish green, diameter 25-34 mm, 35-50 among of fruit weighted 500g, loci 3-4. Average 55.66% seed weight in each fresh fruit, 68.72% kernel weight in each dry fruit. The average rate of oil reached 56.01% from the kernel, and 11.319% from fresh fruit. Average oil yield 781.8 kg/hm2.

» Chinese Description

湘林53陈永忠主编,2008年,《油茶优良种质资源》第 96 页。【培育单位】湖南省林业科学院,【选育年份】1990,【审定年份】1998,【良种号】S9654-CO2由湖南省林业科学院于1990年选育出来的优良无性系。1998年通过湖南省良种审定,证书号为:湘S9654-CO2。树冠自然圆头形;叶椭圆形,较细长,先端渐尖,边缘有细锯齿或钝齿,长4.06.5cm,宽2.53.2cm,叶面光滑;花期稍早,湖南通常于10月中旬至12月下旬开花,花白色,直径5.07.0cm,花瓣倒心形,78瓣;果实成熟期10月下旬,果球形,青红色,果径2534cm,每500g果数3550个,心室34个,皮薄,鲜出籽率55.66%,干出仁率68.72%,种仁含油率56.01%。鲜果含油率11.319%。单位冠幅产果量为0.986kg/m2,产油量为781.8kg/hm2,比参试无性系平均值增幅55%


Flower Size

Blooming Season China